Article Periodicals » Materials Evaluation » Article
Theoretical and Experimental Analysis of Influence of In-Plane Anisotropy on Ultrasonic Velocity in Aluminum

The surface of an aluminum alloy plate generally exhibits in-plane anisotropy due to processing technology, which will further affect the test quality when using ultrasound. The mechanical correlation mechanism between in-plane anisotropy and ultrasonic phase velocity is analyzed analytically. The in-plane anisotropy is determined by two parameters: the orthotropic parameter and the coupling anisotropic parameter. Additionally, the wave characteristic equation with in-plane anisotropic decomposition is modeled, and anisotropic influence on ultrasonic propagation is classified into three cases: isotropic symmetry, transverse symmetry, and orthotropic symmetry. A measurement process is deduced to obtain the in-plane anisotropic parameters, and an analytical model is also proposed to predict the ultrasonic velocity distribution. Subsequently, critical refraction longitudinal (LCR) waves are applied, and novel ultrasonic testing equipment is designed to estimate in-plane elastic anisotropy. Taking rolled aluminum plate, which exhibits orthotropic properties, as an example, the ultrasonic measurement velocity and the predicted ultrasonic velocity are compared to verify the feasibility of the proposed analytical model and testing equipment.

References

Augereau, F., D. Laux, L. Allais, M. Mottot, and C. Caes, 2007, “Ultrasonic Measurement of Anisotropy and Temperature Dependence of Elastic Parameters by a Dry Coupling Method Applied to a 6061-T6 Alloy,” Ultrasonics, Vol. 46, No. 1, pp. 34–41.

Bray, D.E., N. Pathak, and M.N. Srinivasan, 1996, “Residual Stress Mapping in a Steam Turbine Disk Using the LCR Ultrasonic Technique,” Materials Evaluation, Vol. 54, No. 7, pp. 832–839.

Cao, Q.K., and H.M. Xie, 2018, “Application of Moiré Interferometry to the Characterization of Orthotropic Materials in the Antisymmetric Configuration Using the Virtual Fields Method,” Experimental Mechanics, Vol. 58, No. 5, pp. 783–798.

Capobianco, T.E., G.A. Young, Jr., J.M. Pyle, and F.N. Khan, 2012, “Effects of Microstructure and Texture on Ultrasonic Inspection of Austenitic Weld Metals,” in D.O. Thompson and D.E. Chimenti (eds.) Review of Progress in Quantitative Nondestructive Evaluation, Vols. 31a and 31b, pp. 1203–1210, AIP Publishing, Melville, NY.

Carreón, H., G. Barrera, C. Natividad, M. Salazar, and A. Contreras, 2016, “Relation between Hardness and Ultrasonic Velocity on Pipeline Steel Welded Joints,” Nondestructive Testing Evaluation, Vol. 31, No. 2, pp. 97–108.

Djerir, W., M. Ourak, and T. Boutkedjirt, 2014, “Characterization of the Critically Refracted Longitudinal (L-CR) Waves and Their Use in Defect Detection,” Research in Nondestructive Evaluation, Vol. 25, No. 4, pp. 203–217.

Dobron, P., F. Chmelik, V. Ocenasek, and P. Homola, 2007, “Inhomogeneity and Anisotropy of Mechanical Properties of Extruded Aluminium Alloys Investigated by the Acoustic Emission Technique,” Kovone Materialy, Vol. 45, No. 3, pp. 171–176.

Duquennoy, M., M. Ouaftouh, M. Ourak, and F. Jenot, 2002, “Theoretical Determination of Rayleigh Wave Acoustoelastic Coefficients: Comparison with Experimental Values,” Ultrasonics, Vol. 39, No. 8, pp. 575–583.

Gan, Y., K. Mo, D. Yun, D.T. Hoelzer, Y. Miao, X. Liu, K.-C. Lan, J.-S. Park, J. Almer, T. Chen, and H. Zhao, 2017, “Temperature Effect of Elastic Anisotropy and Internal Strain Development in Advanced Nanostructured Alloys: An In-situ Synchrotron X-ray Investigation,” Materials Science and Engineering: A, Vol. 692, pp. 53–61.

Gray, G.T. III, K.S. Vecchio, and V. Livescu, 2016, “Compact Forced Simple-Shear Sample for Studying Shear Localization in Materials,” Acta Materialia, Vol.103, pp. 12–22.

Jin, Y., P. Cai, W. Wen, H. Nagaumi, X. Xu, Y.B. Zhang, and T.G. Zhai, 2015, “The Anisotropy of Fatigue Crack Nucleation in an AA7075 T651 Al Alloy Plate,”Materials Science and Engineering: A, Vol. 622, pp. 7–15.

Kersemans, M., A. Martens, N. Lammens, K. Van den Abeele, J. Degrieck, F. Zastavnik, L. Pyl, H. Sol, and W. Van Paepegem, 2014, “Identification of the Elastic Properties of Isotropic and Orthotropic Thin-Plate Materials with the Pulsed Ultrasonic Polar Scan,” Experimental Mechanics, Vol. 54, No. 6, pp. 1121–1132.

Lane, C., 2014, The Development of a 2D Ultrasonic Array Inspection for Single Crystal Turbine Blades, Springer International Publishing, Switzerland.

Lee, Y.H., and D. Kwon, 2004, “Estimation of Biaxial Surface Stress by Instrumented Indentation with Sharp Indenters,” Acta Materialia, Vol. 52, No. 6, pp. 1555–1563.

Nowers, O., D.J. Duxbury, and B.W. Drinkwater, 2016, “Ultrasonic Array Imaging through an Anisotropic Austenitic Steel Weld Using an Efficient Ray-Tracing Algorithm,” NDT&E International, Vol. 79, pp. 98–108.

Ogi, H., G. Shimoike, M. Hirao, K. Takashima, and Y. Higo, 2002, “Anisotropic Elastic-Stiffness Coefficients of an Amorphous Ni-P Film,” Journal of Applied Physics, Vol. 91, No. 8, pp. 4857–4862.

Periyannan, S., and K. Balasubramaniam, 2016, “Moduli Determination at Different Temperatures by an Ultrasonic Waveguide Method,” Experimental Mechanics, Vol. 56, No. 7, pp. 1257–1270.

Prasad, N.E., and G. Malakondaiah, 1992, “Anisotropy of Mechanical Properties in Quaternary Al-Li-Cu-Mg Alloys,” Bulletin of Materials Science, Vol. 15, No. 4, pp. 297–310.

Prasad, N.E., S.V. Kamat, K.S. Prasad, G. Malakondaiah, and V.V. Kutumbarao, 1993, “In-Plane Anisotropy in the Fracture Toughness of An Al-Li 8090 Alloy Plate,” Engineering Fracture Mechanics, Vol. 46, No. 2, pp. 209–223.

Rose, J.L., 2014, Ultrasonic Guided Waves in Solid Media, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK.

She, H., D. Shu, J. Wang, and B.D. Sun, 2016, “Influence of Multimicrostructural Alterations on Tensile Property Inhomogeneity of 7055 Aluminum Alloy Medium Thick Plate,” Materials Characterization, Vol. 113, No. 3, pp. 189–197.

Walaszek, H., H.P. Lieurade, C. Peyrac, J. Hoblos, and J. Rivenez, 2002, “Potentialities of Ultrasonics for Evaluating Residual Stresses: Influence of Microstructure,” Journal of Pressure Vessel Technology, Vol. 124, No. 3, pp. 349–353.

Wang, Y., Y. Li, H. Liu, X. Zhang, Y. Liu, and K. Liu, 2018, “Plane Residual Stress Measurement Using Ultrasonic Considering Weak Anisotropy of Metallic Material,” AIP Advances, Vol. 8, 105008; https://doi.org/10.1063/1.5042466.

Xiao, J., E. Pessard, M. Wang, and D. Cuillerier, 2011, “The Research of the Anisotropic Fatigue Behavior of 7475 Aluminum Alloy Plate,” Journal of Shanghai Jiaotong University (China), Vol. 45, No. 11, pp. 1678–1683.

Yadav, P.C., A. Sinhal, S. Sahu, A. Roy, and S. Shekhar, 2016, “Microstructural Inhomogeneity in Constrained Groove Pressed Cu-Zn Alloy Sheet,” Journal of Materials Engineering and Performance, Vol. 25, No. 7, pp. 2604–2614.

Yu, X.D., M. Ratassepp, P. Rajagopal, and Z. Fan, 2016, “Anisotropic Effects on Ultrasonic Guided Waves Propagation in Composite Bends,” Ultrasonics, Vol. 72, pp. 95–105.

Metrics
Usage Shares
Total Views
25 Page Views
Total Shares
0 Tweets
25
0 PDF Downloads
0
0 Facebook Shares
Total Usage
25