Article Article
Current Practices of Rail Inspection Using Ultrasonic Methods: A Review

Broken rails and welds due to internal defects and/or anomalies are some of the leading causes of track-related accidents in North America. Ultrasonic nondestructive evaluation (NDE) techniques are the primary techniques commonly employed by railroads to monitor, detect, and characterize rail defects on a regular basis. This helps to ensure the safety, structural integrity, efficiency, and reliability of the railroads. This paper provides a brief overview of railroad rail flaw inspection using conventional ultrasonic NDE methods that are most commonly applied today.

References

Alahakoon, S., Y.Q. Sun, M. Spiryagin, and C. Cole, 2018, “Rail Flaw Detection Technologies for Safer, Reliable Transportation: A Review,” Journal of Dynamic Systems, Measurement, and Control, Vol. 140, No. 2, pp. 020801–020801-17; doi: 10.1115/1.4037295.

AREMA, 2014, Section 4.1, “Field Rail Flaw Identification,” in Chapter 4: “Rail,” The Manual for Railway Engineering, American Railway Engineering and Maintenance-of-Way Association, Lanham, MD.

Clark, R., 2004, “Rail Flaw Detection: Overview and Needs for Future Developments,” NDT&E International, Vol. 37, No. 2, pp. 111–118.

FRA, 2015, FRA Track Inspector Rail Defect Reference Manual, Federal Railroad Administration (FRA), Office of Railroad Safety, Washington DC.

Garcia, G., and R. Reiff, 1999, “Test and Evaluation of Rail Flaw Detection Technologies,” AAR/TTCI R-Report, R-934, Transportation Technology Center Inc., Pueblo, CO.

Lanza di Scalea, F., P. Rizzo, S. Coccia, I. Bartoli, and M. Fateh, 2006, “Laser–Air-Coupled Hybrid Noncontact System for Defect Detection in Rail Tracks,” Transportation Research Record, Vol. 1943, No. 1, pp. 57–64.

Ph Papaelias, M., C. Roberts, and C.L. Davis, 2008, “A Review on Non-Destructive Evaluation of Rails: State-of-the-Art and Future Development,” Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers, Part F: Journal of Rail and Rapid Transit, Vol. 222, No. 4, pp. 367–384.

Tuzik, B., 2019, “Rail Flaw Testing Gets Faster, Smarter, Better,” Railway Track & Structure, Vol. 115, No. 1, pp. 12–19.

Wigh, J., 2012, “Development of Improved Rail Inspection System,” Proceedings of 2012 AREMA Annual Conference & Exposition, Chicago, IL, American Railway Engineering and Maintenance-of-Way Association, Lanham, MD.

Witte, M., A. Poudel, and S. Kalay, 2016, “Rail Flaw Characterization Using Phased Array Ultrasound,” Proceedings of 26th ASNT Research Symposium, New Orleans, LA, American Society for Nondestructive Testing, Columbus, OH.

Metrics
Usage Shares
Total Views
43 Page Views
Total Shares
0 Tweets
43
0 PDF Downloads
0
0 Facebook Shares
Total Usage
43