Quantified Non-destructive Evaluation of a Concrete Bridge Using Coda Wave Interferometry

There are high demands for quantitative non-destructive evaluation for the aging concrete infrastructures in our society. Unfortunately, the high inhomogeneity and heterogeneity in concrete materials complicate the detection and analysis processes, especially for weak stress and structure changes. In literature, coda wave experiencing multiple volumetric scattering shows promise for sensing weak changes in heterogeneous media such as concrete. Here, the nondestructive evaluation results are presented from the application of the coda wave interferometry (CWI) technique to a 30-meter concrete beam that was removed from a bridge after being in service for 15 years. Specifically, we conducted the varied external loads on the concrete beam, and a couple of sensors worked as emitters or receivers are installed sparsely to generate/collect the ultrasound wave signals at different positions. Then for each source-receiver pair, the CWI technique is utilized to quantify the coda waveform variations including stretches/compressions and distortions, which further indicate the stress changes and weak defects in the beam. The presented results may offer great practical applications for the nondestructive evaluation and testing (NDT) of concrete structures.



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