Eddy current testing (ECT) has been used for quite a while now and has been proven a reliable surface inspection technique for conductive materials. In the last 15 to 20 years, this technique has evolved toward the use of eddy current arrays (ECAs), and many applications can now benefit from this configuration to improve data quality, inspection speed, and ease of deployment, and considerably reduce operator dependency. The physics principle behind ECT and ECA is the same and was addressed in a previous issue of Materials Evaluation (Wassink et al. 2021). In this paper, we will discuss the main differences between ECT and ECA as well as how the arrangement of coils in an array can allow for optimized detection capabilities on different materials or types of defects. Common applications where ECA has demonstrated its strength will also be discussed.
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