This paper is intended to highlight roles that women can and likely will play in shaping the future of NDE 4.0, from execution to leadership levels as well as from development to transformation activities. As we build momentum toward adopting Industry 4.0 into the nondestructive evaluation (NDE) domain, we face multiple challenges such as technology standardization, talent and skills shortfall, massive transformation, and regulatory and certification standards (Singh 2019, 2020a). Many of these challenges are better addressed with a proper mix of gender in responsible teams. Women in STEM (science, technology, engineering, and mathematics) fields are a source of talent that can be harnessed as digitalization becomes a major part of the NDE sector. According to a recent Forbes article, traits like listening and empathy serve women well in “change leadership,” which is the ability to influence and inspire action in others and respond with vision and agility during periods of growth, disruption, or uncertainty to bring about the needed change (Lipkin 2019). While working the innovation value chain, emotional intelligence makes women better suited to capturing marketplace insight and easing friction in technology adoption, and a balance of gender in a team makes for more productive ideation sessions for effective problem-solving and objective execution. This paper presents literature research triggered by personal experience and substantiated by recent candid conversations with women leaders in NDE, to highlight the importance of a blended and balanced gender mix required for NDE 4.0.
Anita Borg Institute, 2014, “Innovation by Design: The Case for Investing in Women,” report, available at https://anitab.org/resources/case-studies-and-whitepapers/.
Bartels, M., 2019, “Meet Ripley, SpaceX’s Dummy Astronaut Riding on Crew Dragon Test Flight,” 1 March, https://www.space.com/spacex-crew-dragon-dummy-called-ripley.html.
Bridges, D., B. Krivokapic-Skoko, L. Bamberry, and S. Jenkins, 2018, “Women in Masculine Jobs: Understanding Resilience and Social and Cultural Capital,” Gender, Work and Organisation 10th Biennial International Interdisciplinary Conference, Sydney, Australia.
Burnette, J., 2008, Gender, Work and Wages in Industrial Revolution Britain, Cambridge University Press, https://doi.org/10.1017/CBO9780511495779.
Cordery, S.A., 2007, “Women in Industrializing America,” in The Gilded Age: Essays on the Origins of Modern America, second edition, edited by C.W. Calhoun, Wilmington, DE: Scholarly Resources, 1996.
D.H. Recruitment Services, 2018, “Women in the Workplace,” 8 March 2018, http://datum-recruitment.com/blog/2018/03/08/women-in-the-workplace/.
Devillard, S., V. Hunt, and L. Yee, 2018, “Still Looking for Room at the Top: Ten Years of Research on Women in the Workplace,” McKinsey Quarterly (blog), McKinsey & Company, 8 March 2018, https://www.mckinsey.com/featured-insights/gender-equality/still-looking-for-room-at-the-top-ten-years-of-research-on-women-in-the-workplace.
Flood, A., 2017, Winning the Fight for Female Talent: How to Gain the Diversity Edge through Inclusive Recruitment, PwC report, March 2017, https://www.pwc.com/gx/en/about/diversity/iwd/iwd-female-talent-report-web.pdf.
Funna, R., 2018, “The Fourth Industrial Revolution Will Eliminate the Gender Stereotypes Created by the First,” Quartz, 12 January 2018, https://qz.com/1177843/the-fourth-industrial-revolution-will-eliminate-the-gender-stereotypes-created-by-the-first/.
Goman, C.K., 2019, “How Leadership Presence is Different for Women,” 28 May 2019, https://carolkinseygoman.com/how-leadership-presence-is-different-for-women/.
Hermann, M., T. Pentek, and B. Otto, 2016, “Design Principles for Industrie 4.0 Scenarios,” 2016 49th Hawaii International Conference on System Sciences (HICSS), Koala, HI, pp. 3928–3937, https://doi.org/10.1109/HICSS.2016.488.
Hunt, V., L. Yee, S. Prince, and S. Dixon-Fyle, 2018, Delivering through Diversity, report, McKinsey & Company, 18 January 2018, available at https://www.mckinsey.com/business-functions/organization/our-insights/delivering-through-diversity.
Ingalhalikar, M., A. Smith, D. Parker, T.D. Satterthwaite, M.A. Elliott, K. Ruparel, H. Hakonarson, R.E. Gur, R.C. Gur, and R. Verma, 2014, “Sex Differences in the Structural Connectome of the Human Brain,” Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, Vol. 111, No. 2, pp. 823–828, https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.1316909110.
Lipkin, N., 2019, “Why Women Are Natural Born Leaders,” Forbes, 19 November 2019, https://www.forbes.com/sites/nicolelipkin/2019/11/19/why-women-are-natural-born-leaders.
Martin, C.L., and D.N. Ruble, 2010, “Patterns of Gender Development,” Annual Review of Psychology, Vol. 61, pp. 353–381, https://doi.org/10.1146/annurev.psych.093008.100511.
PBS, n.d., “Women and Work After World War II,” Tupperware! (blog), American Experience PBS, accessed 1 February 2021, https://www.pbs.org/wgbh/americanexperience/features/tupperware-work/.
Schaub, E., 2017, “Solving for XX: Challenges and Opportunities for Women in STEM,” November 2017, B.A. Rudolph Foundation, https://pub.lucidpress.com/womeninstem/.
Singh, R., 2019, “The Next Revolution in Nondestructive Testing and Evaluation: What and How?,” Materials Evaluation, Vol. 77, No. 1, pp. 45–50.
Singh, R., 2020a, “Purpose and Pursuit of NDE 4.0,” Materials Evaluation, Vol. 78, No. 7, pp. 784–793.
Singh, R., 2020b, Inspiring Next Innovation Value Chain, Outskirts Press.
Trautlein, B., 2016, “Do Men and Women Lead Change Differently?,” LinkedIn, 19 January 2016, https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/do-men-women-lead-change-differently-barbara-trautlein/.
Vitale, M., B. Sniderman, A. Kamulegeya, and R. Fetscher, 2019, “The Smart Depot: Applying Technology to Increase Productivity,” Deloitte Insights, https://www2.deloitte.com/content/dam/insights/us/articles/4735_smart-depot/DI_Smart-depot.pdf.
Vrana, J., and R. Singh, 2021, “NDE 4.0 – A Design Thinking Perspective,” Journal of Nondestructive Evaluation, Vol. 40, https://doi.org/10.1007/s10921-020-00735-9.
Withnall, A., 2014, “Lego Letter from the 1970s Still Offers a Powerful Message to Parents 40 Years Later,” The Independent, 23 November, https://www.independent.co.uk/news/lego-letter-1970s-still-offers-powerful-message-parents-40-years-later-9878303.html.
Wittenberg-Cox, A., 2020, “What Do Countries with the Best Coronavirus Responses Have in Common? Women Leaders,” Forbes, 13 April 2020, https://www.forbes.com/sites/avivahwittenbergcox/2020/04/13/what-do-countries-with-the-best-coronavirus-reponses-have-in-common-women-leaders/.
Zabbatino, D., 2014, “The Change in Male and Female Spheres of Work and Equality,” Social Change and the Future, 4 October 2014, https://socialchangecourse.wordpress.com/2014/10/04/the-change-in-male-and-female-spheres-of-work-and-equality/.
44 Page Views
0 PDF Downloads
0 Facebook Shares