Article Article
A Neural Network System for Fault Prediction in Pipelines by Acoustic Emission Techniques

The problem of evaluating the risk of failure associated with the propagation of a crack in a pipe under pressure has great practical relevance, and it may be tackled with acoustic emission techniques. Artificial neural networks may be trained to classify the acoustic emissions generated by the crack according to the phase of propagation, and such a classification permits to evaluate the risk of mantaining a system in operation. In order to train the network, a human specialist has to estimate the transition times between any two consecutive phases by inspecting the results of a previous hydrostatic test, and such determination of the transition times has a high degree of subjectivity and uncertainty, affecting the classification performance of the network. In this paper, we propose a human independent method for the estimation of the transition times, and we show successful applications to the data from two hydrostatic tests. For a test on a 2 m-long pipe, the method exhibited 98% of correct-classification rate, an improvement of 8% over results obtained with human-determined transition times. For a 40 m-long pipe, under experimental conditions comparable to those found in industrial applications, the method exhibited 91% of correct-classification rate. The proposed method provides a fully automated framework for the evaluation of the state of a crack.



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