Article Article
Study of Defects in Carbon Fiber Reinforced Composites Visualized by Magnetic Induction Tomography

This study proposed a new magnetic induction tomography (MIT) sensor-based electromagnetic induction to reconstruct the conductivity distribution of target conductors and ultimately visualize carbon fiber reinforced plastic (CFRP) plates to measure their defects. This unique MIT sensor was designed for all coil centers located in one line, whereas perpendicular center lines of excitation and detection coils were simulated in a 3D finite element model. The parameters of frequencies, turns, excitation currents, and liftoffs were optimized to further improve sensitivity. Four broken wire defects at different depths were also inspected in an experiment and imaged by the Landweber algorithm. The new probe effectively identified the 4 mm × 4 mm × 0.5 mm defect buried at 1.5 mm. The different depths of defects were also established by the voltage amplitude of the detection coil. The concavity of the reconstructed images effectively represented the depths of the defects. Hence, this MIT probe is highly useful in quantitatively measuring the defects of CFRP plates and visually displaying.



S. Matthew, Smith M. Reinf. Plast. 62, 266–269 (2018). DOI: 10.1016/j.repl.2017.07.004.

C. Jun, Q. Jinhao, and X. Xiaojuan, Int. J. Appl. Electromagnet Mech 51, 261–284 (2016). DOI: 10.3233/JAE-150168.

S. Gholizadeh, Procedia Struct. Integrity 1, 050–057 (2016). DOI: 10.1016/j.prostr.2016.02.008.

C. Barile and C. Casavola, Woodhead Publishing Ser. Compos. Sci. Eng. 387–407 (2019). DOI: 10.1016/B978-0-08-102292-4.00019-9.

X. Haofei, Sci. Front. Forum 12, 72 (2017).

S. JianZhong and L. Junming, Nondesstructive Testing Technology of Modern Composite Materials, 2th ed. (National Defense Industry Press, Bei Jing, 2016).

W. Pengfei, Y. Jinglei, and L. Wanshuang, Mater. Des. 113, 68–75 (2017). DOI: 10.1016/j.matdes.2016.10.013.

M. Lu, Magnetic Induction Tomography for Non-destructive Evaluation and Process Tomography (University of Bath, 2014), pp. 1–18.

L. Xin, Eddy Current Techniques for Non-destructive Testing of Carbon Fiber Reinforced Plastic (CFRP) (University of Manchester, 2012), pp. 22–60.

H. Griffiths, Meas. Sci. Technol. 12, 1126–1131 (2001). DOI: 10.1088/0967-0233/12/8/319.

H. Griffiths, W. R. Stewart, and W. Gough, Electr. Biolmpedance Methods 873, 335–345 (1999). DOI: 10.1111/j.1749-6632.1999.tb09481.x.

Y. Wuliang et al., Trans. Instrum. Meas. 58, 738–743 (2009). DOI: 10.1109/TIM.2008.2005072.

C. H. Igney et al., Physiol. Meas. 26, 263–278 (2005). DOI: 10.1088/0967-3334/26/2/025.

A. Renner, U. Marschner, and W. J. Fischer, J. Intell. Mater. Syst. Struct. 5, 1–14 (2013). DOI: 10.1115/SMASIS2012-8231.

M. Evangelidis, M. Lu, and M. Soleimani, Prog. Electromagnet. Res.-pier 141, 1–15 (2013). DOI: 10.2528/PIER13041305.

M. Lu and S. Manuchehr, Meas. Sci. Technol. 25, 1–8 (2014). DOI: 10.1088/0957-0233/25/5/055404.

M. Lu, H. Andy, and S. Manuchehr, Int. J. Multiphase Flow 72, 198–209 (2015). DOI: 10.1016/j.ijmultiphaseflow.2015.02.013.

Z. Maomao, M. Lu, and S. Manuchehr, Measurement 53, 171–181 (2014). DOI: 10.1016/j.measurement.2014.03.031.

F. Yan, T. Chao, and D. Feng, Measurement 78, 260–277 (2016). DOI: 10.1016/j.measurement.2015.10.019.

M. Soleimani and W. Lionheart, IEEE Trans. Med. Imaging 25, 1521–1530 (2006). DOI: 10.1109/TMI.2006.884196.

H. Griffiths, Meas. Sci. Technol. 12, 1126–1131 (2011). DOI: 10.1088/0967-0233/12/8/319.

K. Li, W. Runze, and D. Qiang Research on scanning the sector rotation method of magnetic induction tomography. 2017 First International Conference on Electronics Instrumentation & Information Systems (EIIS) 2017; 1–5. DOI:10.1109/EIIS.2017.8298746.

J. Rosell, R. Casañas, and H. Scharfetter, Physiol. Meas. 22, 121–130 (2001). DOI: 10.1088/0967-3334/22/1/316.

X. Hanliang and X. Lingan, Appl. Math. Mech. (English Edition) 21, 1034–1044 (2000). DOI: 10.1007/BF02459313.

L. Ze et al., Flow Meas. Instrum. 27, 53–58 (2012). DOI:10.1016/j.flowmeasinst.2012.04.011.

D. B. Geselowitz, IEEE Trans. Biomed. Eng. BME-18, 38–41 (1971). DOI: 10.1109/TBME.1971.4502787.


Usage Shares
Total Views
4 Page Views
Total Shares
0 Tweets
0 PDF Downloads
0 Facebook Shares
Total Usage