Nondestructive evaluation (NDE) modeling and analysis codes have traditionally been developed for oversimplified geometries such as flat plates. This is partly because simple geometries are easier to work with, but also partly because the tools needed for NDE scientists and engineers to easily work with real geometries have not been available. Modeling and analysis in physical geometric contexts can be more accurate because the geometry can be included in the analysis. In addition, the models naturally align with emerging “digital thread” and “digital twin” concepts for maintaining parallel digital models of entire structures. In this paper we describe an analysis process for pulse (flash) thermography NDE that operates in the physical 3D computer-aided design (CAD) geometry of the underlying part. We also discuss how the thermography problem motivated the development of a new open-source library (“spatialnde2”) designed to facilitate the use of 3D CAD geometry in NDE modeling and analysis. Using pulse thermography as an example, we discuss the benefits and challenges of performing data analysis in the 3D CAD domain.
Blender Online Community, 2017, Blender - A 3D modeling and rendering package, version 2.79, available at https://www.blender.org.
Bradski, G., 2000, “The OpenCV Library,” Dr. Dobb’s Journal of Software Tools, Vol. 25, pp. 120–123.
Calmon, P., S. Mahaut, S. Chatillon, and R. Raillon, 2006, “CIVA: An Expertise Platform for Simulation and Processing NDT Data,” Ultrasonics, Vol. 44, pp. 975–979.
Cornwell, I., and A. McNab, 1999, “Towards Automated Interpretation of Ultrasonic NDT Data,” NDT&E International, Vol. 32, No. 2, pp. 101–107.
Frishman, A., and S.D. Holland, Forthcoming, “Calculation of Green’s Functions for Heat Conduction in Curved Anisotropic Media,” in preparation.
Holland, S. D., 2018, Greensinversion model based inversion software, available at https://thermal.cnde.iastate.edu/greensinversion.xml.
Holland, S. D., and B. Schiefelbein, 2019, “Model-based Inversion for Pulse Thermography,” Experimental Mechanics, Vol. 59, No. 4, pp. 413–426.
Holland, S. D., 2018, Heatsim2, a package for finite difference calculations of heat conduction, available at http://thermal.cnde.iastate.edu/heatsim2.xml.
Holland, S. D., Forthcoming, “Model-based Inversion for Pulse Thermog-raphy in Curved Media,” in preparation.
Kreyszig, E., 1991, Differential Geometry, Dover Publications, New York, NY.
Kundu, T., D. Placko, E.K. Rahani, T. Yanagita, and C.M. Dao, 2010, “Ultrasonic Field Modeling: A Comparison of Analytical, Semi-Analytical, and Numerical Techniques,” IEEE Transactions on Ultrasonics, Ferro-electrics, and Frequency Control, Vol. 57, No. 12, pp. 2795–2807.
Lévy, B., S. Petitjean, R. Nicolas, and J. Maillot, 2002, “Least Squared Conformal Maps for Automatic Texture Atlas Generation,” ACM Transac-tions on Graphics, Vol. 21, No. 3, pp. 362–371.
Lonné, S., L. de Roumilly, L. Le Ber, S. Mahaut, and G. Cattiaux, 2006,
“Experimental Validation of CIVA Ultrasonic Simulations,” International Conference on NDE in Relation to Structural Integrity for Nuclear and Pressurized Components, San Diego, CA.
Ludwig, R., and W. Lord, 1988, “A Finite-Element Formulation for the Study of Ultrasonic NDT Systems,” IEEE Transactions on Ultrasonics, Ferroelectrics, and Frequency Control, Vol. 35, No. 6, pp. 809–820.
Maldague, X., 2001, Theory and Practice of Infrared Technology for Nonde-structive Testing, John Wiley and Sons, New York, NY.
Moser, F., L.J. Jacobs, and J. Qu, 1999, “Modeling Elastic Wave Propaga-tion in Waveguides with the Finite Element Method,” NDT&E Interna-tional, Vol. 32, No. 4, pp. 225–234.
Newberry, B.P., and R.B. Thompson, 1989, “A Paraxial Theory for the Propagation of Ultrasonic Beams in Anisotropic Solids,” The Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, Vol. 85, No. 6, pp. 2290–2300.
Radkowski, R., S. Holland, and R. Grandin, 2018, “Evaluation of the Fidelity of Feature Descriptor-Based Specimen Tracking for Automatic NDE Data Integration,” AIP Conference Proceedings, Vol. 1949, No. 1, doi: 10.1063/1.5031531.
Sabbagh, H.A., R.K. Murphy, E.H. Sabbagh, J.C. Aldrin, and J.S. Knopp, 2013, Computational Electromagnetics and Model-Based Inversion: A Modern Paradigm for Eddy-Current Nondestructive Evaluation, Springer-Verlag, New York, NY.
Shepard, S.M., J. Hou, J.R. Lhota, and J. Golden, 2007, “Automated Processing of Thermographic Derivatives for Quality Assurance,” Optical Engineering, Vol. 46, No. 5, doi: 10.1117/1.2741274.
Steffes, G., J. Shearer, S. Turek, W. Fong, T. Sharp, and G. Coyan, 2012, “Aircraft Management and Sustainment Using NDI Data Trending and Mapping Technologies,” Aircraft Structural Integrity Program, San Antonio, TX.
Tuegel, E.J., A.R. Ingraffea, T.G. Eason, and S.M. Spottswood, 2011,
“Reengineering Aircraft Structural Life Prediction Using a Digital Twin,” International Journal of Aerospace Engineering, Vol. 2011, No. 154798.
Zombo, P.J., and R.E. Shannon, 2006, “Advanced NDE Systems for Flexible Operation and Maintenance of Gas Turbine Components,” PowerGen International, Orlando, FL.
190 Page Views
0 PDF Downloads
0 Facebook Shares