Behavior analysis of thin metallic plates is a complex problem, especially when the plates are subjected to spherical projectiles impact. There are limitations in employing statistical regression, which was used in empirical models of the studied literature. The data used in the present analysis is largely from Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC) and Space Debris Impact Facility (SDIF), and mainly involves aluminum projectiles and aluminum targets. The use of data covering a large range of projectile diameter, plate thickness, and a wide range of velocities greatly enhances the scope of the present study. The paper presents an exhaustive analysis of the experimental data available in literature on the strike of cylindrical projectiles on thin plates. The data available in literature for the prediction of hole diameter in thin aluminum plates by spherical aluminum projectiles has been analyzed for highlighting the gaps in the experimental studies. Metallic targets for the prediction of hole diameter in the target have been analyzed. The projectile hole size in space inspection was also studied. The hole is circular for normal strike and elliptical for oblique strike, and the diameter of the hole is usually greater than the projectile diameter. The influence of the velocity of strike of projectile on the diameter of the hole formed in the plate has been investigated. The angle of strike has very little influence on the diameter of the hole. The discrepancies in the test data used in the analysis have been highlighted. A nondimensional model for the prediction of hole diameter is developed, which incorporates the geometric and material properties of the target as well as the projectile and the angle of strike of the projectile. The proposed model not only works well for different materials independently but also for all materials data of both normal and oblique strike. The influence of the velocity of strike on hole diameter has been studied by extracting data sets with the same parameters (diameter, shape of hole, velocity, and angle of strike), and the performance of various models with respect to the variation in velocity has been studied for a wide range of velocity. It has been demonstrated through this study that most of the historical models either underpredict or overpredict the hole diameter for some range of velocity, but the proposed model works well for whole range of velocity.
Abdulhamid, H., A. Kolopp, C. Bouvet, and S. Rivallant, 2012, “Experimental and Numerical Study of AA5086-H111 Aluminum Plates Subjected to Impact,” International Journal of Impact Engineering, Vol. 51, pp. 1–12.
Børvik, T., O.S. Hopperstad, and K.O. Pedersen, 2010, “Quasi-Brittle Fracture During Structural Impact of AA7075-T651 Aluminum Plates,” International Journal of Impact Engineering, Vol. 37, No. 5, pp. 537–551.
Carey, W.C., J.A.M. McDonnell, and D.G. Dixon, 1985, “Capture Cells: Decoding the Impacting Projectile Parameters,” in Lunar and Planetary Institute Science XVI, pp. 111–112.
Carson, J.M., and H.F. Swift, 1967, “Hole Diameters in Thin Plates Perforated by Hypervelocity Projectiles,” Air Force Materials Lab, AFML/MAYTM-67-9.
Chhabildas, L.C., E.S. Hertel Jr., W.D. Reinhart, and J.M. Miller, 1992, “Whipple Bumper Shield Results and CTH Simulations at Velocities in Excess of 10 km/s (No. SAND-91-2683),” Sandia National Labs, Albuquerque, NM.
De Chant, L.J., 2004, “An Explanation for the Minimal Effect of Body Curvature on Hypervelocity Penetration Hole Formation,” International Journal of Solids and Structures, Vol. 41, No. 15, pp. 4163–4177.
De Chant, L.J., 2005a, “A High Velocity Plate Penetration Hole Diameter Relationship Based on Late Time Stagnation Point Flow Concepts,” Applied Mathematics and Computation, Vol. 170, No. 1, pp. 410–424.
De Chant, L.J., 2005b, “Validation of a Computational Implementation of The Grady–Kipp Dynamic Fragmentation Theory for Thin Metal Plate Impacts Using an Analytical Strain-Rate Model and Hydrodynamic Analogues,” Mechanics of Materials, Vol. 37, No. 1, pp. 83–94.
Feng, L., and W. Hong, 2009, “Classification Error of Multilayer Perceptron Neural Networks,” Neural Computing and Applications, Vol. 18, No. 4, pp. 377–380.
García-Crespo, A., B. Ruiz-Mezcua, D. Fernández-Fdz, and R. Zaera, 2007, “Prediction of the Response Under Impact of Steel Armours Using a Multilayer Perceptron,” Neural Computing and Applications, Vol. 16, No. 2, pp. 147–154.
Gardner, D.J., J.A.M. McDonnell, and I. Collier, 1997, “Hole Growth Characterisation for Hypervelocity Impacts in Thin Targets,” International Journal of Impact Engineering, Vol. 19, No. 7, pp. 589–602.
Ghodsbin Jahromi, A., and H. Hatami, 2017, “Energy Absorption Performance on Multilayer Expanded Metal Tubes under Axial Impact,” Thin-Walled Structures, Vol. 116, pp. 1–11.
Gonzalez-Carrasco, I., A. Garcia-Crespo, B. Ruiz-Mezcua, and J.L. Lopez-Cuadrado, 2012, “A Neural Network–Based Methodology for the Recreation of High-Speed Impacts on Metal Armours,” Neural Computing and Applications, Vol. 21, No. 1, pp. 91–107.
Hatami, H., and M.D. Nouri, 2015, “Experimental and Numerical Investigation of Lattice-Walled Cylindrical Shell under Low Axial Impact Velocities,” Latin American Journal of Solids and Structures, Vol. 12, No. 10, pp. 1950–1971.
Hatami, H., M. Shokri Rad, and A. Ghodsbin Jahromi, 2017, “A Theoretical Analysis of the Energy Absorption Response of Expanded Metal Tubes Under Impact Loads,” International Journal of Impact Engineering, Vol. 109, pp. 224–239.
Hatami, H., and M. Shariati, 2017, “Numerical and Experimental Investigation of SS304L Cylindrical Shell with Cutout under Uniaxial Cyclic Loading,” Iranian Journal of Science and Technology: Transactions of Mechanical Engineering, Vol. 31, pp. 1–15.
Hill, S.A., 2004, “Determination of an Empirical Model for the Prediction of Penetration Hole Diameter in Thin Plates from Hypervelocity Impact,” International Journal of Impact Engineering, Vol. 30, No. 3, pp. 303–321.
Hosseini, M., and H. Abbas, 2012, “Neural Network Approach for Prediction of Deflection of Clamped Beams Struck by a Mass,” Thin-Walled Structures, Vol. 60, pp. 222–228.
Maiden, C.J., and A.R. McMillan, 1964, “An Investigation of the Protection Afforded a Spacecraft by a Thin Shield,” AIAA Journal, Vol. 2, No. 11, pp. 1992–1998.
Nouri, M.D., and H. Hatami, 2014, “Experimental and Numerical Study of the Effect of Longitudinal Reinforcements on Cylindrical And Conical Absorbers Under Impact Loading,” Indian Journal of Science and Technology, Vol. 7, No. 2, 199–210.
Nysmith, C.R., and B.P. Denardo, 1969, “Experimental Investigation of the Momentum Transfer Associated with Impact into Thin Aluminum Targets (No. NASA-TN-D-5492, A-3252),” NASA Ames Research Center, Moffett Field, CA.
Piekutowski, A.J., 1999, “Holes Produced in Thin Aluminum Sheets by the Hypervelocity Impact of Aluminum Spheres,” International Journal of Impact Engineering, Vol. 23, No. 1, pp. 711–722.
Rolsten, R.F., J.N. Wellnitz, and H.H. Hunt, 1964, “An Example of Hole Diameter in Thin Plates Due to Hypervelocity Impact,” Journal of Applied Physics, Vol. 35, No. 3, pp. 556–559.
Sawle, D.R., 1969, “Hypervelocity Impact in Thin Sheets and Semi-Infinite Targets at 15 Km/Sec (Pyrex Spheres Accelerated to 15 Km/Sec by Plasma Rail Gun to Study Hypervelocity Impact in Twin Stainless Steel and Al Targets),” AIAA Journal, Vol. 8, pp. 1240–1244.
Schonberg, W.P., 1990, “Hypervelocity Impact Penetration Phenomena in Aluminum Space Structures,” Journal of Aerospace Engineering, Vol. 3, No. 3, pp. 173–185.
Shariati, M., and H. Hatami, 2012, “Experimental Study of SS304L Cylindrical Shell with/without Cutout under Cyclic Axial Loading,” Theoretical and Applied Fracture Mechanics, Vol. 58, No. 1, pp. 35–43.
Shariati, M., H. Hatami, H.R. Eipakchi, H. Yarahmadi, and H. Torabi, 2011, “Experimental and Numerical Investigations on Softening Behavior of POM under Cyclic Strain-controlled Loading,” Polymer-Plastics Technology and Engineering, Vol. 50, No. 15, pp. 1576–1582.
Shariati, M., H. Hatami, and M.D. Nouri, 2013, “Experimental Investigations on the Softening and Ratcheting Behaviors of Steel Cylindrical Shell Under Cyclic Axial Loading,” Journal of Computational and Applied Research in Mechanical Engineering, Vol. 2, No. 2, pp. 11–22.
Siddiqui, N.A., B.M. Khateeb, T.H. Almusallam, and H. Abbas, 2014, “Reliability of Double-Wall Containment Against the Impact of Hard Projectiles,” Nuclear Engineering and Design, Vol. 270, pp. 143–151.
Sorensen, N.R., 1965, “Systematic Investigation of Crater Formation in Metals,” Proceedings of the Seventh Hypervelocity Impact Symposium, Vol. 6, pp. 281–325.
103 Page Views
0 PDF Downloads
1 Facebook Shares