Quantitative Phase-Space Nonlinear Ultrasound (PSNU)

ABSTRACT This paper presents a new technique based on Phase-Space analysis of nonlinear ultrasound waveforms. Nondestructive evaluation techniques based on acoustic nonlinearity have shown promising results in detection and characterization of discontinuities in materials. They have successfully been used in applications where traditional linear ultrasound techniques were incapable of characterizing defects. An example of nonlinear ultrasound application is to characterize surface and subsurface defects that exhibit loaded interfaces such as fatigue cracks in metallic structures, and kissing bonds between laminar polymers. The current nonlinear ultrasound techniques and models, however, are based on evaluating and quantifying sub and/or super harmonics generation in frequency domain that make them incapable of classifying different physical phenomenon that cause similar spectral nonlinearity effect. As a result, the current nonlinear techniques are very prone to false alarm. In this paper the phase-space topography of ultrasound waveform is constructed numerically. Quantitative features extracted from Poincaré map of the constructed phase-space portrait is used for the first time to analyze and characterize defects. The Phase-Space Nonlinear Ultrasound (PSNU) provides a powerful diagnostic tool for development of reliable material evaluation and effective structural health monitoring methods. Experimental results show that the PSNU provides a unique detection and classification capability.



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