Opportunities for the Use of Electronic Distance Measurement Instruments in Nondestructive Testing and Structural Health Monitoring and Implications for ASNT
Conference: Publication Date: 26 March 2018
The state-of-the-art for commercially available electronic distance measurement instruments (EDM), commonly known as laser trackers, advanced by quantum leaps in 2004 and 2010. It is now practical to measure 3-D coordinates of targets attached to cardinal points on large-scale structures with an absolute accuracy (traceable to NIST) of the order of one part-per-million, and relative dynamic movements, such as vibrations, typically 10 times better. For example, absolute 3-D coordinates of a structure within a 100 meter cube can be measured within a volume of a 0.1 mm cube (the thickness of a sheet of standard printer paper), and vibrations within a 0.01 mm cube. While this technology has been widely exploited in the manufacturing and aerospace industries, a literature search confirms that it has not yet been generally adopted by the nondestructive testing (NDT) industry. However, due to the unprecedented measurement accuracy, this technology presents opportunities for new methods for NDT. For example, instead of looking for defects as indicators of reduced performance of a structure, one could simply measure the performance of the structure under various loading conditions, and compare the measured performance to finite element models (FEM), or look for salient characteristics such as; linearity, hysteresis, creep, symmetry, damping coefficient, and the like. Moreover, the measurements can be repeated over the life of the structure in a trend analysis. The manufacturing and aerospace industries have adopted the technology from a quality control perspective, i.e., comparing the measured coordinates to the drawings–not from a failure mode perspective. The experience resources of the ASNT Membership are needed to adopt these new methods to NDT.
- Parker, D. H., “Nondestructive testing and monitoring of stiff large-scale structures by measuring 3-D coordinates of cardinal points using electronic distance measurements in a trilateration architecture,” in [Conference on Nondestructive characterization and monitoring of advanced materials, aerospace, and civil infrastructure 2017, Portland, OR], Proceedings of SPIE 10169, SPIE (Mar. 2017). paper 1016918.
- Parker, D. H., “Using electronic distance measurement instruments in NDT and structural health-monitoring applications,” Quality Digest (August 2017). Paper given at CMSC 2017, Snowbird, UT, original title “Opportunities for the use of electronic distance measurement instruments in nondestructive testing and structural health monitoring applications and how instrument manufacturers can facilitate early adopters in new fields”.
- Parker, D. H. and Payne, J. M., Method for measuring the structural health of a civil structure (2011). US Patent 7,895,015.
- Parker, D. H. and Payne, J. M., Methods for modeling the structural health of a civil structure based on electronic distance measurements (2012). US Patent 8,209,134.
- Parker, D. H. and Payne, J. M., Methods for measuring and modeling the structural health of pressure vessels based onelectronic distance measurements (2016). US Patent 9,354,043.
- Parker, D. H. and Payne, J. M., Methods for measuring and modeling the process of prestressing concrete during tensioning/detensioning based on electronic distance measurements (2016). US Patent Application Publication 2016/0274001.
- Shannon, R. E., “US 9354043 Method for measuring and modeling the structural health of pressure vessels based on electronic distance measurements,” Materials Evaluation 74, 1140–1142 (Aug. 2016). Published under the What’s New, New Patents Column.
- Aktan, A. E., Catbas, F. N., Grimmelsman, K. A., and Pervizpour, M., “Development of a model health monitoring guide for major bridges,” Tech. Rep. Contract/Order No. DTFH61-01-P-00347, Drexel Intel- ligent Infrastructure and Transportation Safety Institute (2003). Report Submitted to Federal Highway Administration Research and Development.
- Ettouney, M. M. and Alampalli, S., [Infrastructure Health in Civil Engineering: Volume 1, Theory and Components], CRC (2012).
- Ettouney, M. M. and Alampalli, S., [Infrastructure Health in Civil Engineering: Volume 2, Applications and Management], CRC (2012).
- Webb, G. T., Vardanega, P., and Middleton, C. R., “Categories of SHM deployments: technologies and capabilities,” Bridge Engineering 20, 04014118–1 through 15 (Nov. 2015).
- “LTBP Bridge Portal website.” Federal Highway Administration Research and Technology. https://www.fhwa.dot.gov/research/tfhrc/programs/infrastructure/structures/ltbp/index.cfm.
- Tamutus, T., Johnson, M., Gostautas, R., and Watson, J., “Does structural health monitoring (SHM) provide safety and maintenance or confusing data?,” in [2014 ASNT Annual Conference Paper Summaries], 113– 117, American Society for Nondestructive Testing (Oct. 2014).
- Jones, T. E., ed., [From Vision to Mission, ASNT 1941 to 2016], ASNT (2016).
- Liu, W., Chen, S., Boyajian, D., and Hauser, E., “Application of 3D LIDAR scan of a bridge under static load testing,” Materials Evaluation 68, 1359–1367 (Dec. 2010).
- Dai, K., Watson, C., Liu, W., Chen, S., and Hauser, E., “Validation of bridge girder deflection measurements using LIDAR scan,” in [NDE/NDT for Highways and Bridges: Structural Materials Technology (SMT)], 236–244, American Society for Nondestructive Testing, ASNT (Aug. 2010).
- Attanayake, U., Servi, A., and Aktan, H., “Noncontact bridge deformation monitoring using laser tracking technology–technology evaluation and field implementation,” in [2012 NDE/NDT for Highway and Bridge Structural Materials Technology Paper Summaries], 15–18, The American Society for Nondestructive Testing (Aug. 2012).
- Fuchs, P. A., Instrument to Aid in Steel Bridge Fabrication, Final Report of Highway IDEA Project 127. Transportation Research Board (Mar. 2009).
- Marsh, B. J., Vanderwiel, T., VanScotter, K., and Thompson, M., Method for fitting part assemblies (July 2010). US Patent 7,756,321.
- Marsh, B. and VanScotter, K., Flight in Factory (Mar. 2010). US Patent 7,672,817.
- Marsh, B. J., VanScotter, K. D., and Malen-Hogle, K., Splicing fuselage sections without shims (Aug. 2010). US Patent 7,787,979.
- Marsh, B. J., VanScotter, K. D., and Malen-Hogle, K., Splicing fuselage sections without shims (June 2011). US Patent 7,957,825.
- Marsh, B. J. and Lazar, M. A., Calibrating Aircraft Surfaces (2011). US Patent 7,978,322.
- Fuchs, P. A., Bridge Retrofit Laser System, Final Report for Highway IDEA Project 153. Transportation Research Board (Sept. 2012).
- Fuchs, P. A. and Chase, S. B., “Bridge retrofit laser measurement system,” in [2012 NDE/NDT for High- way and Bridges Structural Materials Technology Paper Summaries], 96–102, The American Society for Nondestructive Testing (Aug. 2012).
- Marsh, B. J. and VanScotter, K., Flight in Factory (Apr. 2014). US Patent 8,688,408.
- Pettersson, B., Method and system for virtual assembly of a structure (2015). US Patent Application Publication 2015/0254376.
- Marsh, B. J., Lazar, M. A., Vanscotter, K. D., Cooke, B. T., Bodziony, L. S., Coleman, R. M., Wel, M.
- M. V., Olson, A. S., Dorsey, D. V., and Nobles, O. M., Aircraft enhanced reference system and method. (2017). US Patent 9,551,790.
- Fuchs, P. A. and Chase, S. B., “Bridge virtual assembly system for steel bridge fabrication,” in [Transportation Research Board Annual Meeting 2017], (Jan. 2017). paper 17-03603, abstract only.
- Fuchs, P. A., Apparatus and method for bridge assembly (2017). US Patent 9,803,977.
- Foden, A., Gentz, C., Brunt, Z. V., and Rue, D., “Structural monitoring of the Delaware River Turnpike Bridge emergency repairs,” in [2017 ASNT Annual Conference October 30-November 2, 2017 Proceedings], 68– 76, American Society for Nondestructive Testing, ASNT (Oct. 2017).
- Coordinate Metrology Society, CMS Certification Handbook. CMSC, Weatherford, TX.
- Dalvi, A., Norouzi, M., Hunt, V., and Helmicki, A., “Structural health monitoring system of Ironton- Russell Bridge during substructure construction,” in [Proceedings of SPIE Health Monitoring of Structural and Biological Systems 2016], 9805(paper 980508), SPIE, SPIE (2016).
- Estler, W. T., Edmundson, K., Peggs, G., and Parker, D. H., “Large-scale metrology—an update,” Annals of the CIRP 51(2), 587–609 (2002). Keynote Paper.
- Schmitt, R. H., Peterek, M., Morse, E., Knapp, W., Galetto, M., H¨artig, F., Goch, G., Hughes, B., Forbes, A., and Estler, W. T., “Advances in large-scale metrology–review and future trends,” CIRP Annals Manu- facturing Technology65, 643–665 (2016).
- Muralikrishnan, B., Phillips, S., and Sawyer, D., “Laser trackers for large-scale dimensional metrology: A review,” Precision Engineering 44, 13–28 (2016).
- The American Society of Mechanical Engineers, ASME B89.4.19-2006 Performance Evaluation of Laser- Based Spherical Coordinate Measurement Systems (2006).
- Petticrew, A. L., “Laser rangefinder deflection measurements of the gbt derrick,” Tech. Rep. GBT Memo 160, The National Radio Astronomy Observatory (NRAO) (Nov. 1996). Available from the NRAO Library. Parker, D. H., First measurements of the GBT feed arm (1999). GBT Archive L0535, Available from NRAO Library.
- Bridges, R. E., Brown, L. B., West, J. K., and Ackerson, D. S., Laser-based coordinate measuring device and laser-based method formeasuring coordinates (2010). US Patent 7,800,758.
- “Precision Path Consortium for Large-Scale Manufacturing,” (May 2015). Advanced Manufacturing Tech- nology Consortia (AMTech), $486,300 Grant 70NANB15H068 from the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST), http://precisionpathconsortium.com/.
- Vertrees, K., Manhattan bridge piers (July 2009). YouTube video of close-up footage of the Manhattan bridge moving with the subway traffic, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=DgXveBf l6k.
- Rogers, E. M., [Diffusion of Innovations], Free Press (1962).
38 Page Views
0 PDF Downloads
0 Facebook Shares