For more than 60 years, Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) has developed and employed advanced technologies in both nondestructive evaluation (NDE) and nondestructive characterization (NDC) to enhance national security. The Laboratory established an extensive array of NDC capabilities that enable the inspection and characterization of virtually every element on the periodic table. This allows for the evaluation of structures of interest with densities ranging from ~20 mg/cm3 to approximately 20 g/cm3, across length scales from nanometers to meters, and over time scales ranging from microseconds to decades. This paper provides an overview of the NDE and NDC activities at LLNL, illuminating current research and development interests in well-established areas such as weapons and explosives research, and in new areas such as additive manufacturing. Traditional NDC techniques, such as X-ray radiography and computed tomography, are also discussed. Additionally, new approaches, such as X-ray phase-contrast imaging and X-ray ptychography, are examined.
Azevedo, S.G., H.E. Martz, M.B. Aufderheide, W.D. Brown, K. M. Champley, J.S. Kallman, G.P. Roberson, D. Schneberk, L.M. Seetho, and J.A. Smith, 2016, “System-Independent Characterization of Materials Using Dual-Energy Computed Tomography,” IEEE Transactions on Nuclear Science, Vol. 63, No. 1, pp. 341–350.
Carney, R., J. Molnar, E. Updike, W. Brown, J. Jackson, M. Shawkey, J. Lindgren, P. Sjövall, P. Falkingham, and J. Gauthier, 2014, “Archaeopteryx in 4D,” Journal of Vertebrae Paleontology, Program and Abstracts, p. 103.
Kozioziemski, B.J., J.D. Sater, J.D. Moody, J.J. Sanchez, R.A. London, A. Barty, H.E. Martz, and D.S. Montgomery, 2005, “X-ray Imaging of Cryogenic Deuterium-Tritium Layers in a Beryllium Shell,” Journal of Applied Physics, Vol. 98, No. 10.
Martz, H.E., C. Divin, R.M. Panas, W.D. Brown, S.C. Burk, H. Rathbun, P.A. Alexander, J.A. Smith, and J.S. Taylor, 2014, “CT to Evaluate Distortions in Stainless Steel AM Structures,” Proceedings, 2014 ASPE Spring Topical Meeting: Dimensional Accuracy and Surface Finish in Additive Manufacturing, Berkeley, California, pp. 71–75.
Martz, H.E., S.M. Glenn, J.A. Smith, C.J. Divin, and S.G. Azevedo, 2017, “Poly- versus Mono-energetic Dual-Spectrum Non-intrusive Inspection of Cargo Containers,” IEEE Transactions on Nuclear Science, Vol. 64, No. 7, pp. 1709–1718.
Martz, H.E., C.M. Logan, D.J. Schneberk, and P.J. Shull, 2016, X-ray Imaging: Fundamentals, Industrial Techniques and Applications, CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL.
Paglieroni, D.W., H. Chandrasekaran, C. Pechard, and H.E. Martz, Jr., 2018, “Consensus Relaxation on Materials of Interest for Adaptive ATR in CT Images of Baggage,” Proc. SPIE 10632, Anomaly Detection and Imaging with X-rays III, Orlando, FL, 17–18 April 2018.
Saha, S.K., C. Divin, J.A. Cuadra, and R.M. Panas, 2017, “Effect of Proximity of Features on the Damage Threshold During Submicron Additive Manufacturing via Two-Photon Polymerization,” ASME Journal of Micro and Nano-Manufacturing, Vol. 5, No. 3, p. 031002.
Spadaccini, C.M., 2015, “Mechanical Metamaterials: Design, Fabrication, and Performance,” The Bridge, Vol. 45, No. 4.
Tringe, J.W., E.A. Glascoe, M.A. McClelland, D. Greenwood, R.D. Chambers, H.K. Springer, and H.W. Levie, 2014, “Pre-Ignition Confinement and Deflagration Violence in LX-10 and PBX 9501,” Journal of Applied Physics, Vol. 116, No. 5.
Tringe, J.W., K.S. Vandersall, J.E. Reaugh, H.W. Levie, B.F. Henson, L.B. Smilowitz, and G.R. Parker, 2017, “Observation and Modeling of Deflagration-to-Detonation Transition (DDT) in Low-Density HMX,” American Institute of Physics Conference Proceedings, Vol. 1793, No. 1.
389 Page Views
0 PDF Downloads
0 Facebook Shares