Utilizing Water Contact Angle Measurements to Predict Surface Preparedness for Dye Penetrant Application

Reliably predicting dye penetrant wettability for fluorescent crack inspections hinges on understanding surface cleanliness prior to penetrant application. Validating the efficacy of a parts washer using water contact angle measurements is a non-destructive method for quantifying surface cleanliness and can ensure complete wetting of the penetrant across a substrate. For this study, surface energies of washed and un-washed aluminum parts were characterized via water contact angle measurements and subsequently correlated with dye penetrant wettability. Penetrant was applied to the surface via cotton swab and allowed to wet the surface for 15 minutes before obtaining a visual inspection of wetting pattern; a smooth, uniform distribution of penetrant indicated sufficient wettability while a blotchy, non-uniform distribution indicated insufficient wettability. Freshly washed samples displayed low contact angles and yielded acceptable penetrant wettability while unwashed parts displayed high contact angles and displayed unacceptable penetrant wettability. Water contact angle can be used to determine surface readiness prior to penetrant application.


1. “Surface free energy determination by contact angle measurements—a comparison of various approaches” Hejda, F., Solaƙ, P., Kousal, J., WDS’ 10 Proceedings of Contributed Papers, Part III 2010; 25-30.

2. “Water contact angle as a quantitative measure of total polyethylene surface energy” Gilpin, A.D., Oakley,

B. R., Dillingham, R.G., Journal of Adhesion Science and Technology 2015; 29: 890-895.

Usage Shares
Total Views
55 Page Views
Total Shares
0 Tweets
0 PDF Downloads
0 Facebook Shares
Total Usage