Quantitative Signal Analysis of Concrete Pavements Using Ultrasonic Linear Array Technology

The aging American infrastructure and focus on rehabilitation and preservation planning in recent history highlights the need for enhanced damage detection techniques, ideally nondestructive in nature. With respect to concrete pavements, the depth and extent of damage is critical information for both economically and structurally efficient repair decisions. This paper investigates the effectiveness of shear waves in determining the presence and intensity of freeze-thaw damage in concrete pavements. The analysis of individual time-history data allows for additional transducer-specific information. Preliminary visual inspection of these signals showed qualitative differences in signal shapes and trends based upon damage levels. The culmination of this analysis is the development of a quantitative numerical indicator of the presence of damage in concrete based upon an extensive slab data inventory. The results show promise for the ability to classify concrete pavement conditions in a nondestructive, quantitative, and objective manner.

  • Tanesi, J., and R. Meininger. (2006). Freeze-Thaw Resistance of Concrete with Marginal Air Content. FHWAHRT- 06-117, Federal Highway Administration, Washington, DC, 83 pp.
  • Yang, Z., W.J. Weiss and J. Olek. (2006). Water transport in concrete damaged by tensile loading and freeze– thaw cycling. Journal of Materials in Civil Engineering.
  • ASTM Standard C666. (2015). Standard Test Method for Resistance of Concrete to Rapid Freezing and Thawing. ASTM International, West Conshohocken, PA, 10.1520/C0666_C0666M-15, www.astm.org.
  • Wang, S., E. Llamazos, L. Baxter & F. Fonseca. (2008). Durability of biomass fly ash concrete: freezing and thawing and rapid chloride permeability tests. Fuel, 87(3), 359-364.
  • Becker, J., L.J. Jacobs and J. Qu. (2003) Characterization of cement-based materials using diffuse ultrasound. Journal of Engineering Mechanics, vol. 129, pp. 1478–1484.
  • Rivard, P., G. Ballivy, C. Gravel and F. Saint-Pierre. (2010). Monitoring of an hydraulic structure affected by ASR: A case study. Cement and concrete research, 40(4), 676-680.
  • Boukari, Y., D. Bulteel, P. Rivard, and N.E. Abriak. (2015). Combining nonlinear acoustics and physicochemical analysis of aggregates to improve alkali–silica reaction monitoring. Cement and Concrete Research, 67, 44-51.
  • Shevaldykin, V. G., A. A. Samokrutov, and V.N. Kozlov. (2002). Ultrasonic Low-Frequency Transducers with Dry Dot Contact and Their Applications for Evaluation of Concrete Structures. IEEE Ultrason. Symp. Proc., Vol. 1–2, 2002, pp. 793–798.
  • Freeseman, K., K. Hoegh and L. Khazanovich. (2015). “Characterization of Concrete at Various Freeze-Thaw Damage Conditions Using SH-Waves.” Proceedings of the 42nd Review of Progress in Quantitative Nondestructive Evaluation (QNDE), 26-31 July, Minneapolis, MN. http://dx.doi.org/10.1063/1.4940463.
Usage Shares
Total Views
12 Page Views
Total Shares
0 Tweets
0 PDF Downloads
0 Facebook Shares
Total Usage