Post-impact Non-destructive Evaluation of Homogeneous Sugarcane Bagasse Particleboards
Conference: Publication Date: 24 October 2016Testing Method:
With a view to gaining an in-depth assessment of the response of particleboards to different in service loading conditions, samples (50×50×15 mm) of high-density homogeneous particleboards of sugarcane bagasse and polyurethane resin based on castor oil were manufactured and subjected to low velocity impacts. An instrumented drop weight impact tower was used to impact the specimens at four different energy levels, namely 5, 10, 20 and 30 J. The prediction of the damage modes was assessed using Comsol Multiphysics® computer program. In particular, the random distribution of the fibres and their lengths were reproduced through a robust model. An average value of the residual dent depth, as well as the 3D reconstruction of each impacted surface were performed. The experimentally obtained depths of the mechanical imprints due to the impactor were compared with the ones numerically simulated. The post-impact damage was evaluated by a simultaneous system of image acquisitions coming from two different sensors. Specifically, thermograms were recorded during the heating and cooling phases, while the specklegrams were gathered only during the cooling phase. On one hand, the specklegrams were processed via a new software package named Ncorr v.1.2, which is an open-source subset-based 2D digital image correlation (DIC) package that combines modern DIC algorithms proposed in the literature with additional enhancements. On the other hand, the thermographic results linked to a square pulse were compared with those coming from the laser line thermography (LLT) technique that heats a line-region on the surface of the sample instead of a spot. The numerical results demonstrate how the estimation of the dent depth is very close to the measured one. By comparing the typical residual indentation profile with the laser line scan thermography result, it is possible to find a reasonable correlation between a satellite defect and a slight concavity at the border of the impacted area.
- Paiva, J.M.F., and E. Frollini, Sugarcane bagasse reinforced phenolic and lignophenolic composites. J Appl Polym Sci. 2001; 83(4): 880–888.
- Hoareau, W., F.B. Oliveira, S. Grelier, B. Siegmung, E. Frollini and A. Castellan. Fiberboards based on sugarcane bagasse lignin and fibers. Macromolecular Materials and Engineering. 2006; 291(7): 829–839.
- Lu, J.Z., Q. Wu, I.I. Negulescu and Y. Chen. The influences of fiber feature and polymer melt index on mechanical properties of sugarcane fiber/polymer composites. J Appl Polym Sci. 2006; 102(6): 5607–5619.
- Ramaraj, B. Mechanical and thermal properties of polypropylene/sugarcane bagasse composites. J Appl Polym Sci. 2007; 103(6): 3827–3832
- Cao, Y., K. Goda and S. Shibata. Development and mechanical properties of bagasse fiber reinforced composites. Advanced Composite Materials: The Official Journal of the Japan Society of Composite Materials. 2007; 16(4): 283–298.
- Ismail, M.R., H.A. Youssef, M.A.M. Ali, A.H. Zahran and M.S. Afifi. Utilization of emulsion polymer for preparing bagasse fibers polymer-cement composites. J Appl Polym Sci. 2008; 107(3): 1900–1910.
- Luz, S.M., P.M.C. Ferrão, C. Alves, M. Freitas and A. Caldeira-Pires. Ecodesign applied to components based on sugarcane fibers composites. Materials Science Forum. 2010; 636-637: 226–232.
- Saini, G., A.K. Narula, V. Choudhary and R. Bhardwaj. Effect of particle size and alkali treatment of sugarcane bagasse on thermal, mechanical, and morphological properties of pvc-bagasse composites. Journal of Reinforced Plastics and Composites. 2010; 29(5): 731–740.
- Benini, K.C.C.C., H.J.C. Voorwald and M.O.H. Cioffi. Mechanical properties of HIPS/sugarcane bagasse fiber composites after accelerated weathering. Procedia Engineering. 2011; 10: 3246–3251.
- Cerqueira, E.F., C.A.R.P. Baptista and D.R. Mulinari. Mechanical behaviour of polypropylene reinforced sugarcane bagasse fibers composites. Procedia Engineering. 2011; 10: 2046–2051.
- Drieneier, C., M.M. Oliveira, F.M. Mendes and E.O. Gómez. Characterization of sugarcane bagasse powders. Powder Technology. 2014; 214(1): 111–116.
- Quirino, R.L. and R.C. Larock. Sugarcane bagasse composites from vegetable oils. J Appl Polym Sci. 2012; 126(3): 860–869.
- Frollini, E., N. Bartolucci, L. Sisti and A. Celli. Poly(butylene succinate) reinforced with different lignocellulosic fibers. Industrial Crops and Products. 2013; 45: 160–169.
- Loh, Y.R., D. Sujan, M.E. Rahman and C.A. Das. Review sugarcane bagasse – The future composite material: a literature review. Resources, Conservation and Recycling. 2013; 75: 14–22.
- Carvalho, S.T.M., L.M. Mendes, A.A.D.S. César and T. Yanagi Jr. Thermal properties of chipboard panels made of sugar cane bagasse (Saccharum officinarum L). Materials Research. 2013; 16(5): 1183–1189.
- Rassiah, K., P. Balakrishnan and K. Haron. Analysis of mechanical properties between sugarcane Bagasse/LDPE composites versus coconut coir Wax/LDPE hybrid composites. Applied Mechanics and Materials. 2014; 680: 27–31.
- De Carvalho Neto, A.G.V., T.A. Ganzerli, A.L. Cardozo, S.L. Fávaro, A.G.B. Pereira, E.M. Girotto and E. Radovanovic. Development of composites based on recycled polyethylene/sugarcane bagasse fibers. Polymer Composites. 2014; 35(4): 768–774.
- Boontima, B., A. Noomhorm, C. Puttanlek, D. Uttapap and V. Rungsardthong. Mechanical properties of sugarcane bagasse fiber-reinforced soy based biocomposites. Journal of Polymers and the Environment. 2015; 23(1): 97–106.
- El-Fattah, A.A., A.G.M. El Demerdash, W.A. Alim Sadik and A. Bedir. The effect of sugarcane bagasse fiber on the properties of recycled high density polyethylene. Journal of Composite Materials. 2015; 49(26): 3251–3262.
- Carvalho, S.T.M., L.M. Mendesa, A.A. Da Silva Cesar, J.B. Flórez and F.A. Mori. Acoustic characterization of sugarcane bagasse particleboard panels (Saccharum officinarum L). Materials Research. 2015; 18(4): 821–827.
- Tang, Z., C. Hang, T. Suo, Y. Wang, L. Dai and Y. Zhang. Numerical and experimental investigation on hail impact on composite panels. International Journal of Impact Engineering. 2016; doi: 10.1016/j.ijimpeng.2016.05.016, in press.
- Bendada, A., S. Sfarra, M. Genest, D. Paoletti, S. Rott, E. Talmy, C. Ibarra-Castanedo and X. Maldague. How to reveal subsurface defects in Kevlar® composite materials after an impact loading using infrared vision and optical NDT techniques?. Engineering Fracture Mechanics. 2013; 108: 195–208.
- Ball, R.J. and D.P. Almond. Detection and measurements of impact damage in thick carbon fibre reinforced laminates by transient thermography. NDT&E International. 1998; 31: 165–173.
- Avdelidis, N.P., D.P. Almond, A. Dobbinson and B.C. Hawtin. Pulsed thermography: philosophy, qualitative and quantitative analysis on certain aircraft applications. Insight. 2006; 48(5): 286–289.
- Prentice, H.J., W.G. Proud, S.M. Walley and J.E. Field. Optical techniques for the investigation of the ballistic impact of thin plates. International Journal of Impact Engineering. 2011; 38: 849–863.
- Sfarra, S., C. Ibarra-Castanedo, C. Santulli, F. Sarasini, D. Ambrosini, D. Paoletti and X. Maldague. Eco-friendly laminates: from the indentation to non-destructive evaluation by optical and infrared monitoring techniques. Strain. 2013; 49: 175–189.
- Sfarra, S., C. Ibarra-Castanedo, C. Santulli, A. Paoletti, D. Paoletti, F. Sarasini, A. Bendada and X. Maldague. Falling weight impacted glass and basalt fibre woven composites inspected using non-destructive techniques. Composites: Part B. 2013; 45: 601–608.
- Sfarra, S., C. Ibarra-Castanedo, C. Santulli, D. Paoletti and X. Maldague. Monitoring of jute/hemp fiber hybrid laminates by nondestructive testing techniques. Science and Engineering of Composite Materials. 2016; 23(3): 283–300.
- Perilli, S., M. Regi, S. Sfarra and I. Nardi. Comparative analysis of heat transfer for an advanced composite material used as insulation in the building field by means of Comsol Multiphysics® and Matlab computer programs®. Romanian Journal of Materials. 2016; 46(2): 185–195.
- Blaber, J., B. Adair and A. Antoniou. Ncorr: Open-Source digital image correlation Matlab software. Experimental Mechanics. 2015; 55(6): 1105–1122.
- Blaber, J., B.S. Adair and A. Antoniou. A methodology for high resolution digital image correlation in high temperature experiments. Review of Scientific Instruments. 2015; 86: 035111-1 035111-6.
- Fernandes, H., H. Zhang, C. Ibarra-Castanedo and X. Maldague. Fiber orientation assessment on randomly-oriented strand composites by means of infrared thermography. Composites Science and Technology. 2015; 121: 25–33.
152 Page Views
0 PDF Downloads
0 Facebook Shares