Investigating the Effects of Subsequent Weld Passes on Surface Residual Stresses in Steel Weldments by Magnetic Barkhausen Noise Technique
Publication: Publication Date: 1 March 2016Testing Method:
Variations of surface residual stresses with subsequent
weld passes were investigated in API 5L X70
steel plates by the magnetic barkhausen noise
(MBN) technique. The plates were welded by
applying a number of different passes under fully
clamped conditions. After each weld pass, the
MBN signal and hardness distributions on the front
and back surfaces of the plates were measured. A
specific calibration procedure and setup were used
for conversion of the MBN signals into elastic
stress values. The results were analyzed by considering
microstructure investigations and hardness
measurements, and then the results were
compared with the results of X-ray diffraction
measurements. MBN measurement after appropriate
calibration seems to be a good candidate for
rapid nondestructive monitoring of the variation of
surface residual stresses in welded components.
Moreover, it might provide critical data for
computer simulation and weld process design,
leading to a higher performance and longer life in
service by controlling the residual stress state.
- Bruns, M., and T. Nitschke-Pagel, “Determination of Welding Residual Stresses with Help of the Micromagnetic Measurement Method,” Materials Science Forum, Vols. 524–525, 2006, pp. 647–652.
- Dhar, A., and D.L. Atherton, “Influence of Magnetizing Parameters on the Magnetic Barkhausen Noise,” IEEE Transactions on Magnetics, Vol. 28, No. 6, 1992, pp. 3363–3366.
- Gauthier, J., T.W. Krause, and D.L. Atherton, “Measurement of Residual Stress in Steel using the Magnetic Barkhausen Noise Technique,” NDT&E International, Vol. 31, No. 1, 1998, pp. 23–31.
- Jagadish, C., L. Clapham, and D.L. Atherton, “Influence of Uniaxial Elastic Stress on Power Spectrum and Pulse Height Distribution of Surface Barkhausen Noise in Pipeline Steel,” IEEE Transactions on Magnetics, Vol. 26, No. 3, 1990, pp. 1160–1163.
- Ju, J.B., J.S. Lee, J.I. Jang, W.S. Kim, and D. Kwon, “Determination of Welding Residual Stress Distribution in API X65 Pipeline using a Modified Magnetic Barkhausen Noise Method,” International Journal of Pressure Vessels and Piping, Vol. 80, No. 9, 2003, pp. 641–646.
- Kesavan, K., K. Ravisankar, S. Parivallal, and P. Sreeshylam, “Nondestructive Evaluation of Residual Stresses in Welded Plates using the Barkhausen Noise Technique,” Experimental Techniques, Vol. 29, No. 5, 2005, pp. 17–21.
- Lindgren, M., and T. Lepisto, “Residual Stress Evaluation in Welded Steel Tubes using Barkhausen Noise,” Proceedings of the 2nd International Conference on Barkhausen Noise and Micromagnetic Testing, Newcastle Upon Tyne, United Kingdom, 25–26 October 1999, pp. 91–100.
- Macherauch, E., and K.H. Kloos, “Origin, Measurement and Evaluation of Residual Stresses,” Residual Stress in Science and Technology, 1987, pp. 3–26.
- Mandal, K., M.E. Loukas, A. Corey, and D.L. Atherton, “Magnetic Barkhausen Noise Indications of Stress Concentrations near Pits of Various Depths,” Journal of Magnetism and Magnetic Materials, Vol. 175, No. 3, 1997, pp. 255–262.
- Masubuchi, K., “Research Activities to Examine Residual Stresses and Distortion in Welded Structures,” Welding Journal, Vol. 70, December 1991, pp. 41–47.
- McDonald, E.J., K.R. Hallam, W. Bell , and P.E.J. Flewitt, “Residual Stresses in a Multi-pass CrMoV Low Alloy Ferritic Steel Repair Weld,” Materials Science and Engineering: A, Vol. A325, Nos. 1–2, 2002, pp. 454–464.
- Moorthy, V., S. Vaidyanathan, B. Raj, T. Jayakumar, and B.P. Kashyap, “Insight into the Microstructural Characterization of Ferritic Steels using Micromagnetic Parameters,” Metallurgical and Materials Transactions A, Vol. 31A, April 2000, pp. 1053–1065.
- Nitschke-Pagel, T., K. Dilger, and H. Eslami-Chalandar, “Determination of Residual Stresses in Welded Structural Steels with Help of Micromagnetic Measurements,” Materials Science Forum, Vol. 681, March 2011, pp. 194–201.
- Ochodek, V., “Residual Stress Evaluation in Spirally Welded Pipes for Gas Pipelines,” 6th International Conference on Barkhausen Noise and Micromagnetic Testing, Valenciennes, France, 9–10 July 2007.
- Saquet, O., J. Chicois, and A. Vincent, “Barkhausen Noise from Plain Carbon Steels: Analysis of the Influence of Microstructure,” Materials Science and Engineering: A, Vol. 269, Nos. 1–2, 1999, pp. 73–82.
- Sapountzi, K., “Residual Stress Prediction in Welds via the Barkhausen Noise Technique,” Key Engineering Materials, Vol. 495, November 2011, pp. 209–212.
- Sattari-Far, I., and M.R. Farahani, “Effect of the Weld Groove Shape and Pass Number on Residual Stresses in Butt-welded Pipes,” International Journal of Pressure Vessels and Piping, Vol. 86, No. 11, 2009, pp. 723–731.
- Stewart, D.M., K.J. Stevens, and A.B. Kaiser, “Magnetic Barkhausen Noise Analysis of Stress in Steel,” Current Applied Physics, Vol. 4, Nos. 2–4, 2004, pp. 308–311.
- Yelbay, H.I., I. Cam, and C.H. Gür, “Non-destructive Determination of Residual Stress State in Steel Weldments by Magnetic Barkhausen Noise Technique,” NDT&E International, Vol. 43, No. 1, 2010, pp. 29–33.
182 Page Views
0 PDF Downloads
0 Facebook Shares