Cracked Wheel Characterization Using Automated Crack Wheel Detector System (ACWDS)
Conference: Publication Date: 24 October 2016
Fatigue failures originating at inclusions and internal defects can lead to sudden failure of railroad wheels. Internal defects can grow unexpectedly and can lead to vertical split rim (VSR) or shattered rim crack (SRC) wheel failures, which could result in costly derailments. This paper reviews and discusses detection performance of an automated cracked wheel detector system (ACWDS) for detecting internal defects in moving train wheels. Transportation Technology Center, Inc. (TTCI), of Pueblo, Colorado, USA is evaluating an ultrasonic cracked wheel detector produced by Nanjing Tycho Information Technology Company, Ltd. Preliminary test results demonstrate that this technology is capable of detecting VSR/SRC, shallow subsurface delaminations ranging from 0.15 inch to 0.22 inch (3.8 mm to 5.6 mm), and shelling/gouges at depths of 0.0625 inch to 0.125 inch (1.6 mm to 3.2 mm) reliably at speeds up to 15 mph (24 km/h).
- Cummings, S. “Wheel Failure is not an option,” Railway Age 213 no. 6 (2012). Available from: http://www.railwayage.com/index.php/mechanical/freight-cars/wheel-failure-is-not-an-option.html?channel=40
- Association of American Railroads. Field Manual of AAR Interchange Rules. Washington, DC. 2013.
- Garcia, G., Kalay, S., and Carter, D. “Automated Crack Wheel Detection System Overview.” Technology Digest TD-07-028. AAR/TTCI. Pueblo, CO. 2007.
- Gonzales, K., Kenderian, S., and Morgan, R. “Using Laser Ultrasonic Testing Methods to Detect Cracked Wheels.” Technology Digest TD-03-022. AAR/TTCI. Pueblo, CO. 2003.
- Witte, M., Carter, D., and Welander, L. “Testing of an Air-Coupled Acoustic Device as an Energy Source for Acoustic Cracked Wheel Detection.” Technology Digest TD-14-11. AAR/TTCI. Pueblo, CO. 2014.
- Witte, M., Carter, D., and Welander, L. “Initial Fitness for Service Evaluation of an Automated Cracked Wheel Detector,” Technology Digest TD13-028. AAR/TTCI. Pueblo, CO. 2013.
- Witte, M., Archuleta, M., and Gallardo, J. “Performance Summary of the Tycho Automatic Cracked Wheel Detection System.” Research Report: R-1013. AAR/TTCI. Pueblo, CO. 2015.
- Tourney, H. and Jones, K. “Investigation of Root Causes of Vertical Split Rim Wheel Failure.” Proceedings of 21st Annual Research Review, Colorado Springs, CO. 2016.
86 Page Views
0 PDF Downloads
0 Facebook Shares