Tsallis Distribution-Based Fractional Derivative Method for Lamb Wave Signal Recovery

A new fractional derivative method based on the Tsallis distribution function is developed to recover the Lamb wave signals from the noisy Lamb wave signals. After the fractional derivative of the amplitude spectrum of the noisy Lamb signal at different derivative orders, the quartic polynomial function between the peak amplitude and the derivative order as well as that between the peak frequency and the derivative order is proposed based on the Tsallis distribution function. Then, the characteristic parameters of the amplitude spectrum are deduced by using the proposed polynomial relationship. Finally, the noise-free Lamb wave signal is recovered based on the characteristic parameters. Simulated results indicate that the Lamb wave signals can be recovered in the case of the white noise, the transient noise and the sine wave signal. Experimental results confirm the validity of the method. Consequently, the developed method can recover the Lamb wave signals effectively.

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