Electric Potential and Electric Field Imaging with Applications
Publication: Publication Date: 1 November 2015
The technology and techniques for remote quantitative imaging of electrostatic potentials and electrostatic fields in and around objects and in free space is presented. Electric field imaging (EFI) technology may be applied to characterize intrinsic or existing electric potentials and electric fields, or an externally generated electrostatic field may be used for “illuminating” volumes to be inspected with EFI. The baseline sensor technology, electric field sensor (e-sensor), and its construction, optional electric field generation (quasi-static generator), and current e-sensor enhancements (ephemeral e-sensor) are discussed. Demonstrations for structural, electronic, human, and memory applications are shown. This new EFI capability is demonstrated to reveal characterization of electric charge distribution, creating a new field of study that embraces areas of interest including electrostatic discharge mitigation, crime scene forensics, design and materials selection for advanced sensors, dielectric
morphology of structures, inspection of containers, inspection for hidden objects, tether integrity, organic molecular memory, and medical diagnostic and treatment efficacy applications such as cardiac polarization wave propagation and electromyography imaging.
- Blum, D.W., Electric Field Signature Detection, U.S. Patent US20120092019, 19 April 2012.
- Dower, R.G., Apparatus for Electrostatically Imaging the Surface of an Object Located Nearby, U.S. Patent US5430381, 4 July1995.
- Generazio, E.R., Electric Field Quantitative Measurement System and Method, U.S. Patent 20120199755, 4 February2011.
- Generazio, E.R., Ephemeral Electric Potential and Electric Field Sensor, U.S. Patent US20150137825, 21 May 2015.
- Hassanzadeh, R., D.G. Funderburk, S.A. Schwartz, and E.T. Rock, Electrostatic Field Gradient Sensor, U.S. Patent US4931740, 5 June 1990.
- Horowitz, P., and W. Hill, The Art of Electronics, second ed., Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, United Kingdom, 1989.
- ITU, Recommendation B.15: International Telecommunications Union Nomenclature of the Frequency and Wavelength Bands Used in Telecommunications, International Telecommunications Union, Geneva, Switzerland, 2000. Melcher, J.R., Continuum Electromechanics, MIT Press, Cambridge, Massachusetts, 1981, p. 1.4.
- NASA, “Quasi-static Electric Field Generator,” NASA Tech Briefs, ed. T. Selinsky, Tech Briefs Media Group, New York, New York, 1 November 2014.
- Sothcott, P., Buried Object Location, U.K. Patent GB 2132357, 4 July 1984.
- Yang, Y.P., and J. Macnae, An Apparatus and Method for Detecting an Object in a Medium, World Intellectual Property Organization Patent WO2002067015, 29 August 2002.
- Zahn, M., “Transform Relationship Between Kerr-effect Optical Phase Shift and Nonuniform Electric Field Distributions,” IEEE Transactions on Dielectrics and Electrical Insulation, Vol. 1, No. 2, 1994, pp. 235–246.
95 Page Views
0 PDF Downloads
0 Facebook Shares