Article Periodicals » The NDT Technician » Article
Nondestructive Testing of a Rare Crusader Sword

The aim of this article is to try to confirm both the authenticity and the alleged provenance of a well preserved Crusader era sword, as well as its method of production and the components of the metal.

References
Abdel-Karim, A.A.M., “Petrographic and Chemical Characterization of Fe-Ti Oxides and Sulfides Hosted in Mafic Intrusions, South Sinai, Egypt: Implication for Genesis,” Journal of Geology and Mining Research, Vol. 1, No. 3, May 2009, pp. 76–93. Agricola, G., De Re Metallica: Translated from the First Latin Edition of 1556 by Herbert Clark Hoover and Lou Henry Hoover, Dover Publications, New York, New York, 1950. ASM, ASM Handbook Volume 1: Properties and Selection: Irons, Steels and High-performance Alloys, ASM International, 1993. ASM, Smithells Metals Reference Book, eighth edition, ASM International, 2004. ASTM, Handbook of Comparative World Steel Standards: ASTM DS67B, third edition, ASTM International, West Conshohocken, Pennsylvania, 2004. Barrena, M.I., J.M. Gómez de Salazar and A. Soria, “Roman Iron Axes Manufacturing Technology,” Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research Section B: Beam Interactions with Materials and Atoms, Vol. 266, No. 6, 2008, pp. 955–960. Ben Dov, M., “Crusader Fortresses in Eretz-Israel,” Qadmoniot, Vol. 32, 1975, pp. 102–113 (Hebrew). Cornell, R.M. and U. Schwertmann, The Iron Oxides: Structure, Properties, Reactions, Occurrences and Uses, Wiley-VCH Press, 2003. Dean, B., “The Exploration of a Crusader Fortress (Montfort) in Palestine,” The Metropolitan Museum of Art Bulletin, Vol. 22, No. 9, Part 2, 1927, pp. 5–46. Ehrenreich, R.M., E. Hamilton and S.K. Nash, “Far from Barbaric: Re-assessing the Sophistication of Merovingian Metalworking,” JOM, Vol. 57, No. 8, 2005, pp. 51–55. Hassan, M.A.A., “Environmental Studies on Coastal Zone Soils of the North Sinai Peninsula (Egypt) using Remote Sensing Techniques,” Landbauforschung Völkenrode Sonderheft, Vol. 238, 2002. Hošek, J. and J. Košta, “Metallography of the 9th Century Sword of a Great Moravian Nobleman Buried in Mikulice (Grave no. 580),” Association of Metallurgical Engineers of Serbia, Vols. 2–3, No. 12, 2006, pp. 199–206. Johns, C.N., “Excavations at Atlit (1930-1): The South-eastern Cemetery,” Quarterly of the Department of Antiquities in Palestine, Vol. 2, 1933, pp. 41–104. Johns, C.N., “Excavations at Pilgrims’ Castle, Atlit (1932-3): Stables at the South-west of the Suburb,” Quarterly of the Department of Antiquities in Palestine, Vol. 5, 1936, pp. 31–60. Jordanim, P., Von Stahel und Eysen (1532), translated by S. Steiner-Welz, 2002. Mapelli, C., W. Nicodemi and R.F. Riva, “Microstructural Investigation on a Medieval Sword Produced in 12th Century A.D.,” ISIJ International, Vol. 47, No. 7, 2007, pp. 1050–1057. Murray, M., R.W. Mahoney and C.B. Cliff, ASM Handbook, Vol. 6: Welding, Brazing, and Soldering, second edition, ASM International, Ohio, 1993, pp. 156–59. Nicodemi, W., C. Mapelli, R. Venturini and R. Riva, “Metallurgical Investigations on Two Sword Blades of 7th and 3rd Century B.C. found in Central Italy,” ISIJ International, Vol. 45, No. 9, 2005, pp. 1358–1370. Nicolle, D.C., Arms and Armour of the Crusading Era 1050–1350: Western Europe and the Crusader States, Greenhill Books, London, United Kingdom, 1999. Oakeshott, E., Records of the Medieval Sword, Woodbridge, Suffolk, United Kingdom, 2007, pp. 65–94. Oakeshott, E., The Sword in the Age of Chivalry, Boydell Press, United Kingdom, 1992. Pense, A.W., “Iron Through the Ages,” Materials Characterization, Vol. 45, Nos. 4–5, 2000, pp. 353–363. Perttula, J., “Reproduced Wootz Damascus Steel,” Scandinavian Journal of Metallurgy, Vol. 30, No. 2, 2001, pp. 65–68. Perttula, J., “Wootz Damascus Steel of Ancient Orient,” Scandinavian Journal of Metallurgy, Vol. 33, No. 2, 2004, pp. 92–97. Pincu, R. and O. Kleinberger, “Portable X-ray in the Service of Art,” 9th International Conference on NDT of Art, Jerusalem, Israel, 25–30 May 2008. Rögner, K., K. Knabe, B. Roscher, W. Smykatz-Kloss and L. Zöller, “Alluvial Loess in the Central Sinai: Occurrence, Origin and Palaeoclimatological Consideration,” Palaeoecology of Quaternary Drylands, Lecture Notes in Earth Sciences, Vol. 102, 2004, pp. 79–99. Roll, I. and O. Tal, “Appollonia-Arsuf,” Final Report on the Excavations, Tel Aviv, Israel, 1999. Tekeli, S. (ed.), “Military Museum Collections,” Istanbul: Military Museum and Cultural Center, 1996, pp. 70–71. Tylecote, R.F., A History of Metallurgy, second edition, The Metals Society, London, United Kingdom, 1962, pp. 46–57. Tylecote, R.F. and J.W.B. Black, “The Effect of Hydrogen Reduction on the Properties of Ferrous Materials,” Studies in Conservation, Vol. 25, 1980, pp. 87–96. Wadsworth, J. and D.R. Lesuer, “Ancient and Modern Laminated Composites – From the Great Pyramid of Gizeh to Y2K,” Materials Characterization, Vol. 45, Nos. 4–5, 2000, pp. 289–313. Williams, A., The knight and the Blast Furnace: A History of the Metallurgy of Armour in the Middle Ages & the Early Modern Period, Brill Academic Publishing, Boston, Massachusetts, 2003. Yousef, A.F.A. and I.A. El Shenawy, “Environmental Monitoring of North Sinai with Emphasis on Factors Affecting the Salinity of Some Sediments,” Cairo University, Egypt, September 2000, pp. 91–101.
Metrics
Usage Shares
Total Views
66 Page Views
Total Shares
0 Tweets
66
0 PDF Downloads
0
0 Facebook Shares
Total Usage
66