Acoustic emission (AE) generated during tensile deformation of smooth and notched specimens of near Alpha titanium alloy have been studied. A few tests carried out with both types of specimens were also interrupted in order to correlate with the damage mechanism. The results have shown higher acoustic emission during yielding and reduced AE at higher strain level in the smooth specimen. A peak in the root mean square (RMS) voltage at higher strain was associated with the initiation of microcrack. In the notched specimen, localized deformation at the notch tip gives rise to detectable AE in the region prior to macroscopic yielding and gives intense AE at lower strain compared to net section yielding. This is characterized by peak amplitude distribution of hits in which majority of the hits are shifted to lower amplitudes in notched specimens as compared to the smooth specimen. The AE results have been supported by microstructural investigations.
1. Nondestructive Testing Handbook; Vol. 5: Acoustic Emission Testing, American Society for Nondestructive Testing, Columbus, OH (1987).
2. C. R. Heiple and S. H. Carpenter. J. Acoustic Emission 6:177 (1987).
3. B. Raj and T. Jayakumar. Acoustic Emission: Current Practices and Future Directions, ASTM STP 1077, American Soc. for Testing and Materials, Philadelphia, PA (1990).
4. C. K. Mukhopadhyay, K. K. Ray, T. Jayakumar, and B. Raj. Mater. Sci. and Engg. A. 255:98 (1998).
5. T. Bidlingmaier, A. Wanner, G. Dehm, and H. Clemens. Z. Metallkd. 90:581 (1999).
6. J. R. Kennedy. Scripta Metallurgica 16:525 (1982).
7. F. Kaumann, T. Bidlingmaier, G. Dehm, A. Wanner, and H. Clemens. Intermetallics 8:823–830 (2000).
8. S. Mashino, Y. Mashimo, T. Horiya, M. Shiwa, and T. Kishi. Mater. Sci. and Engg. A 213:66 (1996).
9. R. Botten, X. Wu, D. Hu, and M. H. Loretto. Acta Mat. 49:1687 (2001).
10. F. McBangonluri, E. Akpan, C. Mercer, W. Shen, and W. O. Soboyejo. Mater. Sci. and Engg. A 405:111 (2005).
11. H. L. Dunegan, D. C. Harris, and C. A. Tatro. Engg. Fract. Mech. 1:105 (1968).
12. A. L. Philips, V. G. Godinez, and S. W. Stafford. Mater. Eval. 43:420 (1985).
13. T. Shoji, M. A. Khan, H. Takahashi, and M. Suzuki. RES Mechanica 2:21 (1981).
14. C. K. Mukhopadhyay, T. Jayakumar, B. Raj, and K. K. Ray. Mater. Sci. and Engg. A 276:83 (2000).
15. C. K. Mukhopadhyay, T. Jayakumar, B. Raj, and K. K. Ray. Mater. Sci. Tech. 18:1133 (2002).
16. B. Geary, V. J. Bolan, and S. L. Jenkins. Titanium’ 95: Science and Technology, P. A. Blenkinsopp, W. A. Evans, and H. M. Flower, (eds.), The Institute of Metals, London, pp. 1638–1645 (1996).
17. J. Kumar, B. Srivathsa, and V. Kumar. Mater. Design. 30:1118 (2009).
18. A. L. Helbert, X. Feaugas, and M. Clavel. Met. Mat. Trans. 27A:3043 (1996).
19. P. W. Bridgman. Trans. ASM. 32:553 (1944).
20. H. Imeda, K. Kuganagi, H. Kimura, and H. Nakasa. Proceedings of the Third Acoustic Emission Symposium, p. 492. Tokyo, Japan (1976).
21. C. R. Heiple and S. H. Carpenter. J. Acoust. Emiss. 6:215 (1987).
22. H. L. Dunegan, and A. T. Green. ASTM STP 505, p. 100, American Society for Testing and Materials, PA (1972).
41 Page Views
0 PDF Downloads
0 Facebook Shares