Article Article
New Tools for the Protection of Cultural Heritage in Italy: Innovative Techniques for In-situ Diagnostics

This study is part of a vast survey that focused on using nondestructive testing to keep masonry safe, which is fundamental to historical building protection and to understand the processes caused by water content inside an entire structure instead of the water content of a sample. The study also provides a better understanding of moisture fluxes in seasonal and daily cycles, in order to achieve greater effectiveness of conservation.

Amoroso, G. and V. Fassina, Stone Decay and Conservation: Atmospheric Pollution, Cleaning, Consolidation and Protection (Materials Science Monographs, Elsevier Science, Ltd., September 1983. Benavente, D., M. A. Garcia del Cura, J. Garcia-Guinea, S. Sanchez-Moral and S. Ordonez, “Role of Pore Structure in Salt Crystallisation in Unsaturated Porous Stone,” Journal of Crystal Growth, Vol. 260, Nos. 3 – 4, 9 January 2004, pp. 532–544. Binney, M., F. Bollerey, A. Creswell, A. Fohl, A. Wilkinson and A. Verlato, “Italy Cultural Heritage at Risk,” ICOMOS Heritage at Risk 2004/2005, 1 May 2004, pp. 125–145. Camuffo, D., Microclimate for Cultural Heritage (Developments in Atmospheric Science), Elsevier Science, 1998. de Barquin, F. and J. M. Dereppe, “Drying of a White Porous Limestone Monitored by NMR Imaging,” Magnetic Resonance Imaging, Vol. 14, No. 7, 1996, pp. 941–943. Delgado, J., and E. Charola, “General Report on Water Repellents,” Science and Technology for Cultural Heritage, Vol. 5, No. 1, 1996, pp. 93–103. Farci, A., D. Floris and P. Meloni, “Water Permeability vs. Porosity in Samples of Roman Mortars,” Journal of Cultural Heritage, Vol. 6, No. 1, January – March 2005, pp. 55–59. Kaminski, K., “Brick Walls Structural Moisture Content: A New Approach to Diagnostic Procedure,” Proceedings of the 11th International Congress on Deterioration and Conservation of Stone, Torun, Poland, 15 – 20 September 2008, Vol. 1, pp. 389–396. Koniorczyk, M., “Modelling the Phase Change of Salt Dissolved in Pore Water – Equilibrium and Non-equilibrium Approach,” Construction and Building Materials, Vol. 24, No. 7, July 2010, pp. 1119–1128. Li, C., K. Li and Z. Chen, “On the Boundary Condition of Moisture Transport in Concrete,” Engineering Mechanics, Tsinghua University, Beijing, China, 2009. Matsukura, Y. and K. Takahashi, “A New Technique for Rapid and Non-destructive Measurement of Rock-surface Moisture Content; Preliminary Application to Weathering Studies of Sandstone Blocks,” Developments in Geotechnical Engineering, Vol. 84, 2000, pp. 47–54. Narayanan, N., “Analysis of Moisture Transport in Mortars and Concrete using Sorption-diffusion Approach,” ACI Materials Journal, Vol. 103, No. 3, 2006, pp. 209–217. Nasraoui, M., W. Nowik and B. Lubelli, “A Comparative Study of Hygroscopic Moisture Content, Electrical Conductivity and Ion Chromatography for Salt Assessment in Plasters of Historical Buildings,” Construction and Building Materials, Vol. 23, No. 5, May 2009, pp. 1731–1735. Poli, T., L. Toniolo, M. Valentini, G. Bizzaro, R. Melzi, F. Tedoldi and G. Cannazza, “A Portable NMR Device for the Evaluation of Water Presence in Building Materials,” Journal of Cultural Heritage, Vol. 8, No. 2, April – June 2007, pp. 134–140. Raimondo, M., M. Dondi, F. Mazzanti, P. Stefanizzi and P. Bondi, “Equilibrium Moisture Content of Clay Bricks: The Influence of the Porous Structure,” Building and Environment, Vol. 42, No. 2, February 2007, pp. 926–932. Rirsch, E. and Z. Zhang, “Rising Damp in Masonry Walls and the Importance of Mortar Properties,” Construction and Building Materials, Vol. 24, No. 10, October 2010, pp. 1815–1820. Rosina, E., N. Ludwig, S. Della Torre, S. D’Ascola, C. Sotgia and P. Cornale, “Thermal and Hygroscopic Characteristics of Restored Plasters with Different Surface Textures,” Materials Evaluation, Vol. 66, No. 12, 2008, pp. 1271–1278. Sass, O. and H. A. Viles, “How Wet are These Walls? Testing a Novel Technique for Measuring Moisture in Ruined Walls,” Journal of Cultural Heritage, Vol. 7, No. 4, October – December 2006, pp. 257–263. UNI, “Cultural Heritage – Natural and Artificial Stones – Water Repellents – Application on Samples and Determination of their Properties in Laboratory,” UNI 10921 Protocol, UNI Ente Nazionale Italiano di Unificazione, Milan, 2001, p. 7. Winkler, E. M., Stone in Architecture: Properties, Durability, Springer-verlag, 1994. Yiotis, A. G., I. Tsimpanogiannis, A. Stubos and Y. Yortsos, “Coupling Between External and Internal Mass Transfer During Drying of a Porous Medium,” Water Resources Research, Vol. 43, 2007.
Usage Shares
Total Views
81 Page Views
Total Shares
0 Tweets
0 PDF Downloads
0 Facebook Shares
Total Usage