This study is part of a vast survey that focused on using nondestructive testing to keep masonry safe, which is fundamental to historical building protection and to understand the processes caused by water content inside an entire structure instead of the water content of a sample. The study also provides a better understanding of moisture fluxes in seasonal and daily cycles, in order to achieve greater effectiveness of conservation.
Amoroso, G. and V. Fassina, Stone Decay and Conservation:
Atmospheric Pollution, Cleaning, Consolidation and Protection
(Materials Science Monographs, Elsevier Science, Ltd.,
Benavente, D., M. A. Garcia del Cura, J. Garcia-Guinea, S.
Sanchez-Moral and S. Ordonez, “Role of Pore Structure in
Salt Crystallisation in Unsaturated Porous Stone,” Journal
of Crystal Growth, Vol. 260, Nos. 3 – 4, 9 January 2004,
Binney, M., F. Bollerey, A. Creswell, A. Fohl, A. Wilkinson
and A. Verlato, “Italy Cultural Heritage at Risk,” ICOMOS
Heritage at Risk 2004/2005, 1 May 2004, pp. 125–145.
Camuffo, D., Microclimate for Cultural Heritage (Developments
in Atmospheric Science), Elsevier Science, 1998.
de Barquin, F. and J. M. Dereppe, “Drying of a White Porous
Limestone Monitored by NMR Imaging,” Magnetic Resonance
Imaging, Vol. 14, No. 7, 1996, pp. 941–943.
Delgado, J., and E. Charola, “General Report on Water Repellents,”
Science and Technology for Cultural Heritage, Vol. 5,
No. 1, 1996, pp. 93–103.
Farci, A., D. Floris and P. Meloni, “Water Permeability vs.
Porosity in Samples of Roman Mortars,” Journal of Cultural
Heritage, Vol. 6, No. 1, January – March 2005, pp. 55–59.
Kaminski, K., “Brick Walls Structural Moisture Content: A
New Approach to Diagnostic Procedure,” Proceedings of the
11th International Congress on Deterioration and Conservation
of Stone, Torun, Poland, 15 – 20 September 2008,
Vol. 1, pp. 389–396.
Koniorczyk, M., “Modelling the Phase Change of Salt
Dissolved in Pore Water – Equilibrium and Non-equilibrium
Approach,” Construction and Building Materials, Vol. 24,
No. 7, July 2010, pp. 1119–1128.
Li, C., K. Li and Z. Chen, “On the Boundary Condition of
Moisture Transport in Concrete,” Engineering Mechanics,
Tsinghua University, Beijing, China, 2009.
Matsukura, Y. and K. Takahashi, “A New Technique for Rapid
and Non-destructive Measurement of Rock-surface Moisture
Content; Preliminary Application to Weathering Studies of
Sandstone Blocks,” Developments in Geotechnical Engineering,
Vol. 84, 2000, pp. 47–54.
Narayanan, N., “Analysis of Moisture Transport in Mortars
and Concrete using Sorption-diffusion Approach,” ACI
Materials Journal, Vol. 103, No. 3, 2006, pp. 209–217.
Nasraoui, M., W. Nowik and B. Lubelli, “A Comparative
Study of Hygroscopic Moisture Content, Electrical Conductivity
and Ion Chromatography for Salt Assessment in
Plasters of Historical Buildings,” Construction and Building
Materials, Vol. 23, No. 5, May 2009, pp. 1731–1735.
Poli, T., L. Toniolo, M. Valentini, G. Bizzaro, R. Melzi, F.
Tedoldi and G. Cannazza, “A Portable NMR Device for the
Evaluation of Water Presence in Building Materials,” Journal
of Cultural Heritage, Vol. 8, No. 2, April – June 2007,
Raimondo, M., M. Dondi, F. Mazzanti, P. Stefanizzi and P.
Bondi, “Equilibrium Moisture Content of Clay Bricks: The
Influence of the Porous Structure,” Building and Environment,
Vol. 42, No. 2, February 2007, pp. 926–932.
Rirsch, E. and Z. Zhang, “Rising Damp in Masonry Walls and
the Importance of Mortar Properties,” Construction and
Building Materials, Vol. 24, No. 10, October 2010,
Rosina, E., N. Ludwig, S. Della Torre, S. D’Ascola, C. Sotgia
and P. Cornale, “Thermal and Hygroscopic Characteristics of
Restored Plasters with Different Surface Textures,” Materials
Evaluation, Vol. 66, No. 12, 2008, pp. 1271–1278.
Sass, O. and H. A. Viles, “How Wet are These Walls? Testing
a Novel Technique for Measuring Moisture in Ruined Walls,”
Journal of Cultural Heritage, Vol. 7, No. 4, October –
December 2006, pp. 257–263.
UNI, “Cultural Heritage – Natural and Artificial Stones –
Water Repellents – Application on Samples and Determination
of their Properties in Laboratory,” UNI 10921 Protocol,
UNI Ente Nazionale Italiano di Unificazione, Milan, 2001,
Winkler, E. M., Stone in Architecture: Properties, Durability,
Yiotis, A. G., I. Tsimpanogiannis, A. Stubos and Y. Yortsos,
“Coupling Between External and Internal Mass Transfer
During Drying of a Porous Medium,” Water Resources
Research, Vol. 43, 2007.