Bridges as a key component of road networks require periodic monitoring to detect structural degradation for early warning. In term of maintaining the bridge safety, it is essential to estimate the damage location and extent. This paper hypothetically investigates employing the wavelet transform to analysis the signal of a vehicle/bridge system to localize and estimate the damage severity. The paper investigated the feasibility of using direct measurements from the bridge system, in compare with using indirect measurements from a crossing inspection vehicle. The study utilizes an implicit Vehicle-Bridge Interaction (VBI) algorithm to simulate the passage of the instrumented vehicle over the bridge to generate the signal; then the signals are processed using Wavelet Transform. The study found that using the indirect vehicle measurements is more sensitive to bridge damage since the vehicle acts as a moving sensor over the bridge. Further, the paper shows promising results for damage detection using the bridge displacement responses, if the static component of the displacement is removed from the recorded displacement history.
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