This paper presents an integrated nondestructive testing/structural health monitoring (NDT/SHM) system based on acoustic emission testing (AE), electromechanical impedance (EMI), and guided ultrasonic waves (GUWs). The feasibility of this multimodal system is assessed by monitoring an aluminum plate with an array of six wafer-type piezoelectric transducers. AE events are generated with the pencil-lead break technique, whereas damage is simulated in the form of permanent magnets attached to the plate. The waveforms associated with the AE are processed using a source localization approach, whereas the GUWs and EMI data are processed using two simple metrics based on cross-correlation. The results presented here show that the proposed system is robust and the three NDT techniques complement each other very well.
Agletdinov, E., E. Pomponi, D. Merson and A. Vinogradov, “A Novel Bayesian Approach to Acoustic Emission Data Analysis,” Ultrasonics, Vol. 72, 2016, pp. 89–94.
Al-Jumaili, Safaa K., Matthew R. Pearson, Karen M. Holford, Mark J. Eaton, and Rhys Pullin, “Acoustic Emission Source Location in Complex Structures using Full Automatic Delta T Mapping Technique,” Mechanical Systems and Signal Processing, Vols. 72–73, 2016, pp. 513–524.
Annamdas, Venu Gopal Madhav, and Chee Kiong Soh, “Evaluation of Peak-Free Electromechanical Piezo-impedance and Electromagnetic Contact Sensing using Metamaterial Surface Plasmons for Load Moni-toring,” Smart Materials and Structures, Vol. 26, No. 1, 2016, doi: 10.1088/0964-1726/26/1/015003.
Babu, M. Nani, C.K. Mukhopadhyay, G. Sasikala, Shaju K. Albert, A.K. Bhaduri, T. Jayakumar, and Rajendra Kumar, “Study of Fatigue Crack Growth in RAFM Steel using Acoustic Emission Technique,” Journal of Constructional Steel Research, Vol. 126, 2016, pp. 107–116.
Bhalla, S., and C.K. Soh, “Electro-mechanical Impedance Technique,” Smart Materials in Structural Health Monitoring, Control and Biomechanics, part of Advanced Topics in Science and Technology in China, Springer, Berlin, Germany, 2012, pp. 17–51.
Bhalla, Suresh, and Chee Kiong Soh, “Electromechanical Impedance Modeling for Adhesively Bonded Piezo-Transducers,” Journal of Intelligent Material Systems and Structures, Vol. 15, No. 12, 2004, pp. 955–972.
Caesarendra, Wahyu, Buyung Kosasih, Anh Kiet Tieu, Hongtao Zhu, Craig A.S. Moodie, and Qiang Zhu, “Acoustic Emission-Based Condition Moni-toring Methods: Review and Application for Low Speed Slew Bearing,” Mechanical Systems and Signal Processing, Vols. 72–73, 2016, pp. 134–159.
Dziedziech, Kajetan, Lukasz Pieczonka, Piotr Kijanka, and Wieslaw J. Staszewski, “Enhanced Nonlinear Crack-wave Interactions for Structural Damage Detection Based on Guided Ultrasonic Waves,” Structural Control and Health Monitoring, Vol. 23, No. 8, 2016, pp. 1108–1120.
Ebrahimkhanlou, Arvin, and Salvatore Salamone, “A Probabilistic Frame-work for Single-Sensor Acoustic Emission Source Localization in Thin Metallic Plates,” Smart Materials and Structures, Vol. 26, No. 9, 2017a, doi: 10.1088/1361-665X/aa78de.
Ebrahimkhanlou, A., and S. Salamone, “Acoustic Emission Source Local-ization in Thin Metallic Plates: A Single-Sensor Approach Based on Multi-modal Edge Reflections,” Ultrasonics, Vol. 78, 2017b, pp. 134–145.
Farrar, Charles R., and Keith Worden, Structural Health Monitoring: A Machine Learning Perspective, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, New Jersey, 2012.
Giurgiutiu, V., J. Bao, and W. Zhao, “Piezoelectric Wafer Active Sensor Embedded Ultrasonics in Beams and Plates,” Experimental Mechanics, Vol. 43, No. 4, 2003, pp. 428–449.
Giurgiutiu, Victor, Structural Health Monitoring with Piezoelectric Wafer Active Sensors, Academic Press, Cambridge, Massachusetts, 2007.
Gulizzi, V., P. Rizzo, and A. Milazzo, “Electromechanical Impedance Method for the Health Monitoring of Bonded Joints: Numerical Modeling and Experimental Validation,” Structural Durability and Health Monitoring, Vol. 10, No. 1, 2014, pp. 19–54.
Gulizzi, Vincenzo, Piervincenzo Rizzo, and Alberto Milazzo, “On the Repeatability of Electromechanical Impedance for Monitoring of Bonded Joints,” AIAA Journal, Vol. 53, No. 11, 2015a, pp. 3479–3483.
Gulizzi, Vincenzo, Piervincenzo Rizzo, Alberto Milazzo, and Emma La Malfa Ribolla, “An Integrated Structural Health Monitoring System based on Electromechanical Impedance and Guided Ultrasonic Waves,” Journal of Civil Structural Health Monitoring, Vol. 5, No. 3, 2015b, pp. 337–352.
Guo, Fengqi, Zhiwu Yu, Peng Liu, and Zhi Shan, “Practical Issues Related to the Application of Electromechanical Impedance-Based Method in Concrete Structural Health Monitoring,” Research in Nondestructive Evaluation, Vol. 27, No. 1, 2016, pp. 26–33.
Hase, Alan, Hiroshi Mishina, and Masaki Wada, “Fundamental Study on Early Detection of Seizure in Journal Bearing by Using Acoustic Emission Technique,” Wear, Vols. 346–347, 2016, pp. 132–139.
Howard, Richard, and Frederic Cegla, “On the Probability of Detecting Wall Thinning Defects with Dispersive Circumferential Guided Waves,” NDT & E International, Vol. 86, 2017, pp. 73–82.
Kumar, C. Suresh, V. Arumugam, and C. Santulli “Characterization of Indentation Damage Resistance of Hybrid Composite Laminates Using Acoustic Emission Monitoring,” Composites Part B: Engineering, Vol. 111, 2017, pp. 165–178.
Lédeczi, Ákos, Thomas Hay, Péter Volgyesi, D. Robert Hay, András Nádas, and Subash Jayaraman, “Wireless Acoustic Emission Sensor Network for Structural Monitoring,” IEEE Sensors Journal, Vol. 9, No. 11, 2009, pp. 1370–1377.
Li, Dongsheng, Wei Yang, and Wenyao Zhang, “Cluster Analysis of Stress Corrosion Mechanisms for Steel Wires Used in Bridge Cables Through Acoustic Emission Particle Swarm Optimization,” Ultrasonics, Vol. 77, 2017, pp. 22–31.
Maji, A., and S. Shah, “Process Zone and Acoustic-Emission Measurements in Concrete,” Experimental Mechanics, Vol. 28, No. 1, 1988, pp. 27–33.
Matta, Fabio, Piervincenzo Rizzo, Vistasp M. Karbhari, and Francesco Lanza di Scalea, “Acoustic Emission Damage Assessment of Steel/CFRP Bonds for Rehabilitation,” Journal of Composites for Construction, Vol. 10, No. 3, 2006, pp. 265–274.
McCrory, John P., Safaa K. Al-Jumaili, David Crivelli, Matthew R. Pearson, Mark J. Eaton, Carol A. Featherston, Mario Guagliano, Karen M. Holford, and Rhys Pullin, “Damage Classification in Carbon Fibre Composites Using Acoustic Emission: A Comparison of Three Techniques,” Compos-ites Part B: Engineering, Vol. 68, 2015, pp. 424–430.
Mendes da Silveira, Ricardo Zanni, Leandro Melo Campeiro, and Fabrico Guimarães Baptista, “Performance of Three Transducer Mounting Methods in Impedance-based Structural Health Monitoring Applications,” Journal of Intelligent Material Systems and Structures, 2017, doi:10.1177/1045389X17689942.
Min, Jiyoung, Chung-Bang Yun, and Jung-Wuk Hong, “An Electromechan-ical Impedance-based Method for Tensile Force Estimation and Damage Diagnosis of Post-tensioning Systems,” Smart Structures and Systems, Vol. 17, No. 1, 2016, pp. 107–122.
Mitra, Mira, and S. Gopalakrishnan, “Guided Wave Based Structural Health Monitoring: A Review,” Smart Materials and Structures, Vol. 25, No. 5, 2016, doi: 10.1088/0964-1726/25/5/053001.
Murasawa, G., R. Takahashi, T. Morimoto, and S. Yoneyama, “Inhomoge-neous Deformation Twinning Measurement using Digital Image Correla-tion and Acoustic Emission,” Experimental Mechanics, Vol. 55, No. 1, 2015, pp. 65–76.
Nasrollahi, Amir, Wen Deng, Zhaoyun Ma, and Piervincenzo Rizzo, “Multi-modal Structural Health Monitoring Based on Active and Passive Sensing,” Structural Health Monitoring, 2017, doi: 10.1177/1475921717699375.
Park, Gyuhae, and Daniel J. Inman, “Structural Health Monitoring Using Piezoelectric Impedance Measurements,” Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London A: Mathematical, Physical and Engineering Sciences, Vol. 365, No. 1851, 2007, pp. 373–392.
Park, Gyuhae, Hoon Sohn, Charles R. Farrar, and Daniel J. Inman, “Overview of Piezoelectric Impedance-based Health Monitoring and Path Forward,” The Shock and Vibration Digest, Vol. 35, No. 6, 2003, pp. 451–463.
Pavlopoulou, Sofia, Keith Worden, and Costas Soutis, “Novelty Detection and Dimension Reduction via Guided Ultrasonic Waves: Damage Moni-toring of Scarf Repairs in Composite Laminates,” Journal of Intelligent Material Systems and Structures, Vol. 27, No. 4, 2015, pp. 549–566.
Peairs, Daniel M., Gyuhae Park, and Daniel J. Inman, “Improving Accessi-bility of the Impedance-Based Structural Health Monitoring Method,” Journal of Intelligent Material Systems and Structures, Vol. 15, No. 2, 2004, pp. 129–139.
Perelli, Alessandro, Luca De Marchi, Alessandro Marzani, and Nicolò Speciale, “Acoustic Emission Localization in Plates with Dispersion and Reverberations Using Sparse PZT Sensors in Passive Mode,” Smart Mate-rials and Structures, Vol. 21, No. 2, 2012, doi: 10.1088/0964-1726/21/2/025010.
Prem, Prabhat Ranjan, and A. Ramachandra Murthy, “Acoustic Emission Monitoring of Reinforced Concrete Beams Subjected to Four-Point-Bending,” Applied Acoustics, Vol. 117A, 2017, pp. 28–38.
Raghavan, Ajay, and Carlos E.S. Cesnik, “Review of Guided-Wave Struc-tural Health Monitoring,” Shock and Vibration Digest, Vol. 39, No. 2, 2007, pp. 91–116.
Ren, Liang, Tao Jiang, Dong-sheng Li, Peng Zhang, Hong-nan Li, and Gang-bing Song, “A Method of Pipeline Corrosion Detection Based on Hoop-Strain Monitoring Technology,” Structural Control and Health Moni-toring, Vol. 24, No. 6, 2017, doi: 10.1002/stc.1931.
Rizzo, P., and F. Lanza di Scalea, “Effect of Frequency on the Acoustoe-lastic Response of Steel Bars,” Experimental Techniques, Vol. 27, No. 6, 2003, pp. 40–43.
Rizzo, Piervincenzo, and Francesco Lanza di Scalea, “Ultrasonic Inspection of Multi-Wire Steel Strands with the Aid of the Wavelet Transform,” Smart Materials and Structures, Vol. 14, No. 4, 2005, doi: 10.1088/0964-1726/14/4/027.
Rizzo, Piervincenzo, Jian-Gang Han, and Xiang-Lei Ni, “Structural Health Monitoring of Immersed Structures by Means of Guided Ultrasonic Waves,” Journal of Intelligent Material Systems and Structures, Vol. 21, No. 14, 2010, pp. 1397–1407.
Rose, Joseph L., Ultrasonic Waves in Solid Media, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, United Kingdom, 2004.
Roth, William, and Victor Giurgiutiu, “Structural Health Monitoring of an Adhesive Disbond through Electromechanical Impedance Spectroscopy,” International Journal of Adhesion and Adhesives, Vol. 73, 2017, pp. 109–117.
Salmanpour, M.S., Z. Sharif Khodaei, and M.H. Aliabadi, “Guided Wave Temperature Correction Methods in Structural Health Monitoring,” Journal of Intelligent Material Systems and Structures, Vol. 28, No. 5, 2016, pp. 604–618.
Schaal, C., S. Bischoff, and L. Gaul, “Damage Detection in Multi-wire Cables using Guided Ultrasonic Waves,” Structural Health Monitoring, Vol. 15, No. 3, 2016, pp. 279–288.
Sherafat, Mohammad H., Robin Guitel, Nicolas Quaegebeur, Pascal Hubert, Larry Lessard, and Patrice Masson, “Structural Health Monitoring of a Composite Skin-Stringer Assembly Using Within-the-Bond Strategy of Guided Wave Propagation,” Materials & Design, Vol. 90, 2016, pp. 787–794.
Strantza, Maria, Danny Van Hemelrijck, Patrick Guillaume, and Dimitrios G. Aggelis, “Acoustic Emission Monitoring of Crack Propagation in Addi-tively Manufactured and Conventional Titanium Components,” Mechanics Research Communications, Vol. 84, 2017, pp. 8–13.
Su, Zhongqing, Lin Ye, and Ye Lu, “Guided Lamb Waves for Identification of Damage in Composite Structures: A Review,” Journal of Sound and Vibration, Vol. 295, Nos. 3–5, 2006, pp. 753–780.
Talakokula, Visalakshi, Suresh Bhalla, and Ashok Gupta, “Monitoring Early Hydration of Reinforced Concrete Structures Using Structural Parameters Identified by Piezo Sensors via Electromechanical Impedance Technique,” Mechanical Systems and Signal Processing, Vol. 99, 2018 (forthcoming).
Wandowski, T., P.H. Malinowski, and W.M. Ostachowicz, “Circular Sensing Networks for Guided Waves Based Structural Health Monitoring,” Mechanical Systems and Signal Processing, Vols. 66–67, 2016, pp. 248–267.
Wang, Bo, Linsheng Huo, Dongdong Chen, Weijie Li, and Gangbing Song, “Impedance-Based Pre-Stress Monitoring of Rock Bolts Using A Piezoce-ramic-Based Smart Washer—A Feasibility Study,” Sensors, Vol. 17, No. 2, 2017, doi: 10.3390/s17020250.
Wang, Chao, Y.H. Joe Au, Lin Li, and Kai Cheng, “Guided Wave Mode Dispersion of Transient Acoustic Emission on Copper Pipes—Its Visuali-sation and Application to Source Location,” Mechanical Systems and Signal Processing, Vols. 70–71, 2016a, pp. 881–890.
Wang, Dansheng, Zhi Li, and Hongping Zhu, “A New Three-Dimensional Electromechanical Impedance Model for an Embedded Dual-PZT Trans-ducer,” Smart Materials and Structures, Vol. 25, No. 7, 2016b, doi: 10.1088/0964-1726/25/7/075002.
Yu, Xudong, Prabhakaran Manogharan, Zheng Fan, and Prabhu Rajagopal, “Shear Horizontal Feature Guided Ultrasonic Waves in Plate Structures with 90° Transverse Bends,” Ultrasonics, Vol. 65, 2016, pp. 370–379.
Zhu, X.Q., H. Hao, and K.Q. Fan, “Detection of Delamination Between Steel Bars and Concrete Using Embedded Piezoelectric
Actuators/Sensors,” Journal of Civil Structural Health Monitoring, Vol. 3, No. 2, 2013, pp. 105–115.
Zhu, Xuan, and Piervincenzo Rizzo, “A Unified Approach for the Structural Health Monitoring of Waveguides,” Structural Health Monitoring, Vol. 11, No. 6, 2012, pp. 629–642.
Zhu, Xuan, and Piervincenzo Rizzo, “Sensor Array for the Health Moni-toring of Truss Structures by Means of Guided Ultrasonic Waves,” Journal of Civil Structural Health Monitoring, Vol. 4, No. 3, 2014, pp. 221–234.
105 Page Views
0 PDF Downloads
0 Facebook Shares